1836 Urieta Kazahendike, Rhenish missionary Carl Hugo Hahn’s later linguist and interpreter in four languages (from 1844  until 1873), is born in Ongandjira near Okahandja.
1836/37 James Edward Alexander undertakes an expedition into the interior of the territory where he mentions the ||Hawoben (Veldschoendrager) capital, "Robber Henrick’s Place". Robber Henrick’s Place (Narudas) is discovered in 1988 by Klaus Dierks.
Alexander reaches an area known as "|Ai-||Gams" ("fire water" in Nama) and calls it "Queen Adelaide’s Bath" (present-day Windhoek). He moves on to reach Rehoboth, the Orlam Afrikaner settlement of Tsebris and Walvis Bay. Jonker Afrikaner urges Alexander to "organise" him a missionary. Jonker settles at Niais, approximately 80 km south-west of Windhoek, with approximately 1 200 followers. Alexander reports on copper deposits along the route he is travelling.
1837 Hendrik Henricks (!Nanib gaib #Arisemab), son of #Ariseb (Kannamab) and !Nanis, becomes leader of the ||Hawoben.
1838 |Ai-||Gams is chosen by the Orlam Afrikaners from ||Khauxa!nas under Jonker Afrikaner as their permanent settlement, with Ovaherero consent, and is called "Windhoek" (confirmed for the first time on 12.08.1844). The Ovaherero call the place "Otjomuise" ("place of smoke"). Later the Owambo call the place "Omukuto gwaKaisera". The settlement has more than 2 000 inhabitants. Orlam Afrikaners are also known as "||Eixa-||ain".
Klein Windhoek is later called "Elberfeld" (and Groß Windhoek "Barmen") by the Rhenish missionaries.
On Jonker Afrikaner’s initiative roads are built across the Auas Mountains, from Windhoek to Walvis Bay (Northern Bay Road), from Bethany to Berseba and on to Angra Pequeña (Southern Bay Road).
||Hawoben begin to settle at ||Khauxa!nas. The Wesleyan missionaries Joseph Tindall, Benjamin Ridsdale and John A Bailie work among the ||Hawoben.
Rich guano deposits are discovered along the Atlantic coast (on 12 offshore islands).
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