1961 The process of decolonisation is set into motion in the territory’s immediate vicinity, and uprisings occur in Angola against Portuguese colonial rule.
The UN General Assembly labels the situation in SWA a potential threat to international peace and requests the United Nations Permanent Committee on SWA to visit the territory with or without permission from South Africa. It inter alia takes note, with grave concern, of reports of the terrorisation of and armed action against, the indigenous inhabitants, and calls upon the Government of the Union of South Africa, to desist from such acts. However, South Africa refuses the Committee entry into SWA and the Committee is compelled to confine itself to visit various African countries, where it takes evidence from petitioners. SWAPO and SWANU submit special information on the territory to the UN and appeal for immediate intervention from the United Nations to remove the South African Government from SWA without awaiting the outcome of the case pending before the ICJ. Consequently a UN Special Committee for South West Africa is established (UNGA Resolution 1702 (XVI)), consisting of Brazil, Mexico, Norway, the Philippines, Somalia and Togo, to prepare the territory for independence. Independence now becomes the goal in lieu of a trusteeship agreement.
The name "Namibia" is reportedly coined by Mburumba Kerina in New York. (See Note to the Reader after Preface.)
Lucas Hifikepunye Pohamba of SWAPO is forced into exile.
John Ya Otto becomes SWAPO Acting Secretary-General inside the territory. From 1961 to 1966, as SWAPO’s Chief Organiser, he travels around the territory with other SWAPO leaders in "SWAPO’s car", a battered Ford named "Bluebird".
After SWANU’s bloodletting during 1960, when most of its executive members went into exile, John Muundjua becomes Acting Deputy President, Gerson Veii Assistant Secretary, Eb Kazapua replaces Louis Nelengani and all members of the Herero Chiefs’ Council leave SWANU. The break between the Chiefs’ Council and SWANU not only represents the beginning of the decline of SWANU, but, in the final analysis, also leads to the political isolation of the greater part of the Ovaherero from the mainstream of nationalistic politics. Eventually the greater part of the Ovaherero group is led into the development of the Turnhalle Constitutional Conference in 1975, and in 1977 into the Democratic Turnhallen Alliance (DTA).
The Hardap Dam near Mariental is built.
The South West African Democratic Union (SWADU) is founded as a Dama-orientated organisation. SWADU together with the DTEC displays anti- Ovaherero sentiments.
The Matchless Mine is re-evaluated and consequently copper production starts in 1970.
Oshakati, near to the Roman Catholic missionary station Okatana, is officially founded.
Otto Milk becomes the new leader of the ELC "black" theological seminar "Paulinum" in Karibib, after the retirement of Friedrich Pönninghaus. The SWA Administration forces the relocation of the Paulinum from the "white" Karibib
to the Bantustan reserve at Otjimbingwe in 1962. The Finnish Missionary Society sends two Finish missionaries, Rauha Voipio and Seppo Löity, to Otjimbingwe. Theo Sundermeier becomes Milk’s successor in 1964. The Paulinum publishes two church magazines, ||Gâu-sari-aob (location visitor in the #Nu-Khoegowab language) and Omahungi ("News" in Otjiherero). At the beginning of 1962 the two newspapers melt together into a new magazine, Immanuel, with Afrikaans as third language.
14.02. SWA obtains a new definitive stamp issue (first decimal definitive issue) with animals, plants, buildings, engineering infrastructure, monuments and mineral pictorials of the territory as motifs (with water mark).
28.02. The new broad- gauge railway system north of Kranzberg is officially opened by the SA Minister of Transport, Ben Schoeman.
23./31.03. The All-People’s Conference in Cairo condemns SA’s apartheid policy in SWA and demands that SA relinquish the territory forthwith, calling on African states to apply sanctions against SA.
31.05. The Union of South Africa becomes the Republic of South Africa (RSA).
The RSA’s currency becomes metric.
June The remodelled rail yard and diesel locomotive repair workshop in Windhoek are completed.
July Foot and mouth disease breaks out in the territory.
14.09. The SWA Executive Committee resolves to construct the rest camp Halali in the Etosha Pan.
27.10. The UN Special Committee for SWA publishes a report in which the independence of SWA and the disarmament of all "whites" in SWA are demanded.
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