1971 The Rehoboth Baster Association (RBA) is formed by Ben Africa, John McNab and Piet Junius. The Party joins the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) in November 1977.
The United Party in SWA (UP) is established when the UNSWP merges with the United Party in SA.
Hifikepunye Pohamba is transferred to Algeria to become SWAPO’s representative in northern Africa.
Falconbridge Exploration (Pty) Ltd. brings the Oamites Mine on line. The mine closes in 1984 due to the exhaustion of the copper ore.
The first land mines are planted in Namibia.
Windhoek has 65 000 inhabitants, of whom 36 000 are "white" (60% Afrikaans-speaking, 34% German-speaking and 6% English-speaking).
Timothy Hadino Hishongwa becomes SWAPO’s representative in East Africa, based in Dar-Es-Salaam.
Jesaya Nyamu becomes SWAPO's representative in Lusaka/Zambia.
05.02. SA requests the ICJ to hold a plebiscite in the territory to establish whether its would wish to be administered by SA or the UN.
04.04. The Damara Council is established as an interim "homeland" administration. Gaob (traditional title) Justus 5Garoëb becomes member and in 1977 its President. Lazarus Gurirab is its Secretary-General, and Simpson Tjongarero its Politburo Director. The Council later forms an alliance with the United Democratic Front of Namibia (UDF)(1989).
21.06. A new ICJ ruling declares SA’s presence in the territory illegal. All new measures after 1966 are declared to be legal offences. SA’s plebiscite is rejected. Vorster and the SA Minister for Foreign Affairs, Hilgard Muller, reject the court ruling, as do the vast majority of "whites" in SWA. The majority of "blacks" and SWAPO, however, are encouraged by it.
SWAPO perceives itself as "the nation in state of becoming". David Hoveka Meroro, SWAPO National Chairman, welcomes the court ruling but cautions that whatever the international community is doing, freedom for Namibia is primarily a matter to be decided by its people.
26.06. A new rest camp at Ai-Ais is opened by SWA/Namibia Administrator JGH van der Wath.
30.06. Lutheran church leaders Nangolo Leonard Auala and Paul ||Gowaseb, supported by Lukas de Vries, condemn the contract labour and the apartheid system (Open letter of Namibian church leaders to SA Prime Minister Vorster signed by Auala and ||Gowaseb). This protest is supported by the Roman Catholic church leaders, Bishop Koppmann from Windhoek and Bishop Eduard Schlotterback from Keetmanshoop. The German Evangelical Lutheran Church (DELK) under Otto Milk rejects the letter.
June-August Leaders of the Lutheran churches publicly support the ICJ ruling. Many demonstrations occur nationwide to indicate approval of the ruling.
03.08. Senior Headman Justus ||Garoëb of the Damara Council and Josephat Gawanab of the Damara Executive Committee (DEC) are sworn in by SA as leaders of the Dama.
18.08. The church leaders Nangolo Leonard Auala, supported by Petrus Shipena and Vilho Kaulinge, and Paulus ||Gowaseb, supported by Elifas Eiseb, Albertus Maasdorp and Günther Reeh, meet SA Prime Minister John Vorster in Windhoek. Vorster tries to defend the South African Apartheid system as a Christian philosophy. This is rejected by the Namibian church leaders.
05.10. Sam Nujoma is invited to address the UN Security Council. This is a historic moment because he is the first African liberation movement representative to be so invited.
SA Prime Minister Vorster announces that two police vehicles operating in the Caprivi Strip have been destroyed by land mines and that one policeman has been killed. PLAN activities in the Caprivi Strip mark the opening of a new front in the struggle against SA colonialism and apartheid.
20.10. The ICJ ruling is adopted by the UN Security Council.
13.11. The National Convention (NC), also known as the National Convention of Freedom Parties of Namibia (NCFP) (and from 1975 as the Namibia National Convention (NNC)) is formed as a "united front" of liberation forces. SWAPO under Meroro, NUDO under Kapuuo and the Rehoboth Volksparty under Diergaardt participate. A further attempt to unite follows on 13.02.1972.
15.11. MC Botha, SA Minister of Bantu Administration and Development, expresses the view in Oshakati that the majority of Ovambo workers prefer to work under the contract labour system.
16.11. The new Ongandjera King Omukwaniilwa Japhet Malenga Munkundi, is sworn in at Okahao.
13.12. The largest strike in Namibia’s history begins. The labour strike shakes the foundations of the political and economic establishment in Namibia. The activities of the strikers stretch out from Windhoek, Walvis Bay and Lüderitz where there are well organised concentrations of workers, right up and including Ovamboland. Many workers out on strike are deported to "Bantustans", especially to the north. It is not clear whether the National Union of Namibian Workers (NUNW) is involved in setting up workers’ committees and in organising the strike (The National Union of SWA Workers (NU of SWAW)) was established in exile at Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania following a decision taken by SWAPO in December 1962 to train trade unionists for a future labour movement in Namibia. The NU of SWAW was re-named into the National Union of Namibian Workers (NUNW) during the Tanga Congress of December 1969). The objective of the strike is to abolish SWANLA and the contract labour system, and to ensure freedom to select one’s place and type of employment, better wages, permission for migrant workers to bring their families with them to their place of work, and the resolution of the negative social effects of the migrant labour system on family life. This strike is provoked by a remark by the Commissioner-General for the Indigenous People, Jannie de Wet. He says that "contract workers are under no obligation to re-engage, and that Owambos are "quite happy", with Namibia’s labour system. Thus a veld fire is ignited which spreads quickly through the length and breadth of Namibia.
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