1914 There are five motor cars in the colony.
Windhoek has altogether approximately 1 500 inhabitants.
The OMEG develops into one of the most successful ventures in Namibian history. Between 1907 and 1914, a net profit of 26,6 million Mark is made and 6 million Mark are paid in dividends.
Just before the outbreak of the First World War, development in a number of marble quarries around Karibib continues. The Dernburg, Karibib and Etusis marble quarries have reached the stage of larger-scale production. They are all linked to the railway line at Karibib. Marble from these quarries is transported to Germany.
The first important gem tourmaline deposit is found in the mountains 3 km east of Usakos where the DKGSWA mines tin. A druse is struck as tin operations are about to cease.
The German geologist Hans Schneiderhöhn investigates the copper deposits in the Otavi Mountains.
In the year 1914 there are the following schools in the colony (for "white" children only, founding dates in brackets): Gibeon (1900), Keetmanshoop, Grootfontein and Swakopmund (1901), Karibib (1903), Kub (1907), Klein-Windhoek, Lüderitzbucht and Warmbad (1908), Omaruru (1909), Klippdamm and Maltahöhe (1910), Aus (1911) and Usakos (1912). In addition there are the high schools at Windhoek and Swakopmund and a private Roman-Catholic school for girls in Windhoek.
In southern Angola Ombandja King Shihetekela is re-organising his resistance against the Portuguese troops. This time he is successful and is able to hand over a large consignment of conquered Portuguese weaponry to his ally, the Uukwanyama King Mandume ya Ndemufayo. However, during World War I the Portuguese troops force King Shihetekela to retreat from Ombandja into the Uukwanyama area.
March The post office at Hasuur is closed.
07.03. Post offices are opened at Pomonahügel and Bogenfels.
10.03. The post office at Prinzenbucht is closed.
19.03. The Ovaherero living in SWA have reached a stage of stability and self-awareness in which they can begin to search for their missing links in the chain of social relations. These are mainly to be found within the community of exiled Ovaherero in Bechuanaland. On the other hand German settler farmers are interested in obtaining additional labour forces. Consequently the farmer Wilhelm Eichhoff, farm Okamatangara, writes to Bezirksamtmann H Görgens in Omaruru, that for the past six months he has maintained an Ovaherero family from the Lake Ngami area and that he requests that all police patrols be stopped, so that further Ovaherero families could be induced to cross over from Bechuanaland.
The Territorial Council (Landesrat) calls for a change in legislation to allow Ovaherero their own cattle again and to be granted access to land. This is, however, turned down  by Governor Theodor Seitz.
29.03. A post office is opened at Bergland to replace the Aub post office (closed 29.03.).
April The post office at Groß Barmen is closed.
01.04. Post offices are opened at Aroab and Otjosazu.
12.04. A post office is opened at Gründorn.
May The first two aeroplanes arrive in the territory: the Otto Doppeldecker ( double-wing) and the Aviatik Doppeldecker. Bruno Büchner, Willi Trück and Alexander von Scheele are the first pilots.
11.05. The Territorial Council promulgates its first piece of legislation: the Water Bill.
18.05. Inland airmail services commence.
25.05. The post office at Ramansdrift is closed.
29.05. The Windhoek Agricultural Show is held.
June A third aeroplane, a Roland-Taube steel double-decker, arrives in the colony. Its Austrian pilot is Paul Fiedler (arrives 18.05).
20.06. A post office is opened at Omitara.
Mid-1914 Chief Simata Kabende Mamili (1863-1914) dies in the Caprivi Strip. He is followed by six chiefs of the Fwe community (Lifasi Simata (1914-1931)(from Makalani), Simata Lifasi (1931-1944)(from Makalani), Simasiku Simata (1944-1971)(from Chinchimane), Richard Muhinda (1971-1987)(from Chinchimane), Boniface Bebi (1987-1999)(from Linyanti). The last is George Simasiku (from 1999 onwards), great great grandson of Chief Simata.
July/September Heinrich Vedder and Bernhard Trey from the Rhenish Missionary Society undertake, shortly before the outbreak of World War I, an expedition into the Kaokoveld, in order to establish mission stations. Kaoko Otavi is identified as an appropriate location. Trey tries to convince Chief Kasupi from the Otjiyandjasemo area to support them, but Kasupi refuses to see him. When Trey links up with Vedder again he relates a most peculiar rumour which he has heard from Ovaherero in Angola, and which baffles the missionaries for months. He heard that the British had invaded the Portuguese territory and that the exiled Ovaherero Chief Samuel Maharero had invaded SWA and captured several German ships at Swakopmund. Later they learned the truth that World War I had opened. The "bush telegraph" of the Kaokoveld had misled the missionaries - but there had been a grain of truth in the rumours.
02.08. World War I commences and the Colonial Ministry in Berlin sends a telegram stating: "Colonies out of danger of war. Calm down farmers."
03.08. A railway line connecting the state line and OMEG line at Rössing is completed.
04.08. The Swakopmund and Lüderitz radio stations are demolished by the Colonial Administrationas a result of the outbreak of the war between Germany and England.
06.08. Windhoek’s radio station announces: "War with England, France and Russia!"
07.08. The last steamers (Arnold Amsinck and Eturia) land at Swakopmund, take some  mail and steam towards South America.
The Bezirksamtmann of Rehoboth, Hiller von Gärtringen, calls a meeting of the Basterrat (Council of Basters). Consequently Governor Seitz approves the establishment of the Baster Corps, under the condition that Baster are not forced to fight against "whites". The Baster soldiers are issued with German uniforms and weapons and are put under the command of a German officer.
08.08. Governor Seitz orders the mobilisation of the Schutztruppe (1 870 men and 3 000 reservists). On the South African side 60 000 soldiers are mobilised. The South African Army was far better equipped than the German Schutztruppe.
23.08. The first skirmish between German and South African patrols occurs at Kummernais. Another skirmish takes place near the police station of Nakop (beginning September).
Work begins on demolishing the state railway line between Swakopmund and Nonidas. This marks the beginning of the end of the lower section of the state line, nearly 17 years after its construction commenced.
25.08. The post office at Barby is closed (until 25.09.).
End August The post office at Khan is closed.
September The post office at Warmbad is closed.
02.09. The skirmish of Beenbreck occurs.
10.09. The post offices at Pomonahügel and Bogenfels are closed.
12.09. Troops of the Union of South Africa invade SWA after South Africa’s Parliament decides as such (Declaration of War of 09.09.).
13.09. Ramansdrift station is occupied by South Africans.
14.09. South Africa sends its first battleships to SWA. Battleship "Armadale Castle" shells the exposed town of Swakopmund (23.09., 24.09. and 30.09.).
15.09. The Boer rebellion breaks out. Boer General de la Rey loses his life and Reverend Christiaan de Wet is later jailed. Commander Andries de Wet informs a gathering at Lichtenburg in Transvaal that the South African military intervention in SWA should be resisted. This leads to open rebellion by some South African troops under the command of General SG Maritz.
18.09. Construction of the railway line from Otjiwarongo to Outjo begins, with the objective of extending it to Ovamboland ("Ambo" railway project). An embankment of 46 km is completed in February 1915 and the first 26 km come into operation. The project is stopped in February 1915 due to the war situation. Existing permanent stock from the OMEG railway is used, as well as dismantled material from the now broken-up Swakopmund-inland state line. The railway line is surveyed by Hans Drinkuth.
The post office at
Kolmannskuppe is closed.
South African troops land in Lüderitz.
The post office in Lüderitz is closed.
The civilian German population is deported to South Africa. A protest note by Governor Seitz remains unanswered.
Retreating German forces under the command of Lieutenant Münstermann blow up small sections of the railway line from Lüderitz to the interior. Dismantled material is brought inland to the Tschaukaib station.
The South Africans re-install the Lüderitz power station which was demolished by the Germans. Unknowingly they also supply power to the Germans who still occupy Kolmannskuppe in the east.
21.09. Schuckmannsburg and the Caprivi Strip are occupied by British South African Police.
23.09. The Caprivi Strip is administered by the Northern Rhodesia Police.
24.09. The South African war vessel Armadale Castle shells the open town of Swakopmund. The shelling is continued on 30.09. by the South African war vessel Kinfauns Castle.
The Germans attack Walvis Bay under the command of Oskar Scultetus.
26.09. Joachim von Heydebreck (units Franke, Bauszus, Ritter and Von Rappard) defeats South African troops in the battle of Sandfontein. The South Africans suffer heavy losses. This is the only battle during World War One where the South African Defence Force suffers a resounding defeat at the hands of the much smaller German troops.
The post office at Aroab is closed.
29.09. The South Africans reach Grasplatz railway station, 20 km east of Lüderitz.
30.09. The last state railway train leaves Swakopmund before the town is completely evacuated.
Sept./November The British construct a new railway line from Prieska to Upington. The remaining 172 miles (277 km) to Kalkfontein Süd (present-day Karasburg) are completed in July 1915.
October The Bezirksamtmann (District Commissioner) of Outjo, Schultze-Jena, searches for some food supplies which went missing in Angola. He crosses the Angolan border illegally and is requested by the Portuguese officer Alferes Sereno to accompany him to Naulila. There is an exchange of fire with Portuguese troops, although not at war with Germany, which kill most of the Germans.
The Commissioner for Ngamiland in British Bechuanaland who has been stationed in Kazungula, Captain HV Eason, becomes the new Administrator in the Caprivi Strip. He moves his seat from Kazungula to Kasane.
02.10. The Boer General SG Maritz leaves Upington with his troops.
07.10. Maritz joins the Germans at Ukamas.
09.10. Some South African Boers fight alongside the Germans. The skirmish of Rooisvley under the command of Commander Andries de Wet ensues (Another battle takes place at Keimoes on 22.10.). The last battle of the Boer Free Corps is fought in Upington (24.01.1915). The Boers surrender on 31.01.1915.
20.10. The first 32 km of the OMEG railway line from Swakopmund are dismantled and the material is brought inland. The material is used for the construction of the new Ambo railway line from Otjiwarongo via Outjo and Okaukuejo into Ovamboland. 
26.10. Pilot Paul Fiedler undertakes reconnaissance flights as far as Steinkopf in South Africa.
30.10. Germans enter South Africa and destroy the railway line from Steinkopf to Port Nolloth.
31.10. In reaction to the Naulila incident, the Germans under the command of Oswald Ostermann from the police post Nkurenkuru at the Okavango River, raid the Portuguese fort Cuangar. The fort is destroyed and most of the Portuguese and Angolan inhabitants are killed. Later the Portuguese call this encounter the "Cuangar Massacre".
November South African troops repair the isolated and destroyed sections of the railway line from Lüderitz to Aus.
09.11. The South Africans reach Tschaukaib station, 70 km east of Lüderitz. The Germans begin with preparations to defend Aus under the command of Major Hans Bauszus.
10.11. The post office at Empfängnisbucht is closed.
12.11. Von Heydebreck dies after being wounded by accident with a rifle grenade (on 09.11.) at Kalkfontein Süd. His successor is Erich Victor Carl August Franke.
The Germans under the command of Oswald Ostermann conquer the Portuguese fort Dirico after the destruction the Portuguese forts Bunya and Shambyu at the Okavango River.
16.11. Fort Mucusso in Angola is conquered by the Germans.
24.11. The Caprivi Strip is administered by the Bechuanaland Protectorate (until 31.12.1919).
18.12. German troops under Major Franke attack Naulila and defeat the Portuguese troops. Franke is wounded and Georg Trainer takes over command. After the battle some Portuguese prisoners of war are executed. Vita Tom also takes part on the Portuguese side. He is able to escape.

Namibia_Damara_Outjo_Naulila_1.jpg (184264 bytes)Namibia_Damara_Outjo_Naulila_2.jpg (144976 bytes)Namibia_Damara_Outjo_Naulila_3.jpg (148328 bytes)Namibia_Damara_Outjo_Naulila_4.jpg (169936 bytes)

The German War Cemetery at Outjo (Kunene Region) remembers the Skirmish of Naulila in Angola during World War One, October and December 1914 and various Skirmishes and Battles during the Uprisings of Namibians against the German Colonial Power between 1897 and 1904, Photos taken in September 2004
Copyright of Photos: Dr. Klaus Dierks

22.12. The Germans beat the South Africans at Nous, south of Stolzenfels.
24.12. The post office in Swakopmund is closed.
25.12. South African troops (approx. 1 000 men) land at Walvis Bay.
Major Ritter gives order to Major Wehle not to defend Swakopmund but to delay any South African advance to the east.
27.12. South African troops under the auspices of South African Railways and Harbours commence the construction of a new railway line between Walvis Bay and Swakopmund. The line follows the foreshore, a few metres above the high-water level.
End December The post office in Rössing is closed.
End 1914 Soldiers of the Baster Corps are relocated to Nauchas, southwest of Rehoboth. The Baster protest, because it was agreed that Baster soldiers should only be used within the Baster territory and not outside. The Germans ignore the protest. Further protests are caused by the dissatisfaction that the "Baster Corps" is used to guard SA prisoners of war at Uitdraai. This is regarded as a "breach of contract" that the Corps is  not to be used against "whites".

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World War One 1914/15: Defence Tower erected by German Settlers against feared Uprisings by Namibian Indigenes (Rehoboth Baster): Klein Nauas: between Dordabis and Uhlenhorst: Khomas Region
Copyright of Photo: Dr. Klaus Dierks


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Germans blast the Railway Line between Lüderitz and Aus
Namibia State Archive

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South African Prisoners of War in Windhoek (Background: "Tintenpalast"): 1914/15
H Roth

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SA Anti-Aircraft Gun against German Planes
Namibia State Archive

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