1933 The Permanent Mandates Commission of the League of Nations objects to SA’s suggestion that SWA should become a fifth province of SA.
Hitler’s electoral victory in Germany has strong repercussions in the German community. Various organisations sympathetic to fascism spring to life. Clashes between Nazi and anti-Nazi forces ensue and aggravate the inter-ethnic cleavages.
The German Nazi Broadcasting Station Radio Zeesen targets sympathetic Nazi elements in Namibia. This station is one of the first external broadcasting services to use the Afrikaans language, and the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) broadcasts in this language in 1937 in order to counter this propaganda threat from the Nazis.
After the death of the |Hai-|khauan Chief of Berseba, the rather weak and sickly Andries Goliath, successor of the patriarchal and powerful Christian Goliath, the SA administration favours the candidacy of Diederik Ruben Goliath, who is considered as an energetic and modern-minded leader. Goliath succeeds against opposition from the Isaak group which puts up a rival candidate, Edward Isaak. The moment Goliath opposes the South African reserves policy, he is deposed as chief of Berseba (1938).
Tin is produced in a new plant at Uis (until 1990). Further tin mines exist at Neineis (until 1986), Kohero, Sandamap, Thelma Mine, Otjimboyo and Paukwab.
Tungsten mining takes place at the Kranzberg Mine (until 1956) and Natas Mine. The two mines are owned by O Ortner and Johann Schurz respectively.
Gold exploration in the Rehoboth area is revived when the South West Gold Exploration Syndicate Ltd. is founded.
31.03. The Nazi flag is hoisted on the Tintenpalast (administrative building) in Windhoek and the SA flag is lowered by the Nazis.
July There is an exchange of notes between the Governments of South Africa and Northern Rhodesia regarding the boundary line between SWA and Northern Rhodesia along the thalweg of the Zambezi River which is now finally established. The basis of this agreement is an accurate list of 33 islands in the Zambezi River, based only on the thalweg and not on any traditional rights. Impalira Island (also called Impalila Island), located at the confluence of the Zambezi and Chobe Rivers (quadruple point between present-day Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe), as well as Kakumba Island, are incorporated into the Caprivi Strip. Some islands near Sesheke (Kasuntula–later eroded and no longer existing–and Nantungu Islands) also revert to SWA. A "technical agreement" on the islands is reached on 08.08.1931 at Katima Mulilo.
South West African Airways Ltd. uses a Junkers F13 aeroplane
for a scheduled passenger and airmail service between Windhoek and Kimberley in SA.
03.08. The Legislative Assembly bans Nazi organisations such as the NSDAP in the territory. This ban becomes law on 21.02.1934, and the NSDAP leader, Weigel, is expelled.
28.08. The German members of the Legislative Assembly resign in protest to the ban.
December In the Kaokoveld serious strife develops between Chief Thomas Mutate from Kaoko Otavi and the SA authorities. This leads to a further weakening of the authority of the Kaokoland chiefs.
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