INDEX

Traditional Leaders in the History of Namibia

Damara: Chiefs

|
|Goreseb, Abraham, around 1860
||Goreseb, Cornelius, 1894 - Beginning 20th Century
||Goreseb, Judas, Beginning 20th Century-1953
||Goreseb, David, 1953-1977
||Garob, Justus Gaob, 1977-

Kavango Kings

Muhera (Gciriku King), before 1879
Nyangana (Gciriku King), 1879-1924
Shampapi, Hompa (Gciriku King), 1924-1944
Shashipapo, Hompa (Gciriku King), 1944-1985
Kamwanga, Hompa, Sebastian (Gciriku King), 1985-1999
Shiyambi, Hompa, Kassian (Gciriku King), 1999-

Sinyungu (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Dinyando (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Sihurera (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Kasimana (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Mashambo (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Mbungu (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Rukonga (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Diyeve I (Mbukushu King), before 1850
Dimbu I (also called Ndara or Libebe)(Mbukushu King), 1850-1895
Diyeve II (Mbukushu King), 1895-1915
Disho I (Mbukushu King), 1915-1929
Dimbu II (Mbukushu King), 1929-1939
Disho II (Mbukushu King), 1939-1947
Makushe, Max (Mbukushu King), 1947-1969
Dimbare, Fumu, Frans (Mbukushu King), 1970s and 1980s
Majavero, Fumu, Alfons (Mbukushu King), 1970s and 1980s
Munika, Fumu, Erwin Mbambo (Mbukushu King), 1991-

Muronga, Hompa, Frans Haingura (Mbunza King), 1996-

Mbanbangandu II (Shambyu King), before 1947
Mwengere, Maria, Shambyu Queen, 1947-1987
Ribebe, Hompa, Angelina Matumbo (Shambyu Queen), 1989-

Mate I (Uukwangali Queen), around 1750
Nankali (Uukwangali Queen), around 1775
Simbara (Uukwangali Queen), 1785-1800
Mate II (Uukwangali Queen), 1800-1818
Siremo (Uukwangali King), 1818-1822
Mpepo (Uukwangali King), 1822-1833
Sikongo (Uukwangali King), 1833-1870
Mpasi (Uukwangali King), 1870-1880
Mpande (Uukwangali Queen), 1880-1886
Himarua (Uukwangali King), 1886-1910
Kandjimi Hawanga (Uukwangali King), 1910-1924
Mbuna (Uukwangali King), 1924-1926
Kanuni (Uukwangali Queen), 1926-1941 und 1958-1971
Sivute (Uukwangali King), 1941-1958
Mbandu (Uukwangali King), 1971-1977
Mpasi, Daniel Sitendu (Uukwangali King), 1977-

Mafwe- and Kings in neighbouring areas (Caprivi)

Sebitwane, Kololo King, ? - 1851
Sekeletu, Kololo King, 1851-1863
Mbololo, Kololo King, 1863-1864
Lewanika, Lozi King, 1864-1909
Moremi II, Tswana King, 1876 - 1890
Sekgoma Lethsolathebe, Tswana King, 1891-1906
Simata, Kabende Mamili, 1864-1914
Lifasi, Simata Mamili, 1914-1931
Simata, Lifasi Mamili, 1931-1944
Simasiku, Simata Mamili, 1944-1971
Muhinda, Richard Mamili, 1971-1987
Bebi, Boniface Mamili, 1987-1998
Simasiku, George, Mamili, 1999-

Masubiya-Kings (Caprivi)


Chikamatondo, 1909-1945
Moraliswani, 1945-1996
Maiba Kisco Liswani III Munitenge, 1996-

Mayeyi-Kings (Caprivi)


Hankuze, Shikati, around 1750
Matsharatshara, Shikati, around 1750
Qunkunyane, Shikati, around 1750
Shufu, Boniface Lutibezi Shikati, 1993-

Namaland Captains: Berseba Nama (|Hai-|khauan)

Isaak, Dirk (|Aiob ||i-gaosenmab), before 1850
Goliath, Paul (#Hobexab), ca. 1850-1869
Isaak, Jakobus (#Khaxab gaib |Aiomab), 1873-1892
Goliath, Diederik (|Gariseb |Aiomab), 1895-ca. 1900
Goliath, Johannes Christian (||Nixab |Aiomab), ca. 1900-1925
Goliath, Andries (Tutubeb |Garisemab), 1925-1933
Goliath, Diederik Ruben (!Khorebeb |Garisemab), 1933-1938
Vries, David (|Gurob Tsauramab), 1938-1956
Isaak Jr., Edward (||Khaub |Khurimab), 1938-1959
Goliath, David Christian (|Gurob gaib #Khaxamab), 1959-1970s
Isaak, Diederik (#Arieb |Aiomab), 1959-1970s
Goliath, Stephanus, 1976- 

Namaland Captains: Bethanien Nama (!Aman)

Frederiks, Kobus, 1804-ca. 1825
Frederiks, Jan, ca. 1824-1846 (Johann-Heinrich Schmelen's interpreter)
Frederiks I, Josef, 1825-1842  (Successor of Kobus Frederiks)
Frederiks, David Christian (||Naixab), 1842-1880
Frederiks II, Joseph, (!Korebeb-||Naixab), 1880-1893
Frederiks, Paul, 1893-1906
Frederiks, Eduard (#Khaxab), 1916-1922
Frederiks III, Joseph (|Ai-ob#Hobexamab), 1922-1938
Frederiks, Simon (!Hanamub#Naoxamab), 1938-1977
Frederiks, David, 1984-

Namaland Captains: Bondelswarts (!Gami-#nun)

!Hb (Mythological Bondelswarts Chief)(around 1800)
|Nanub  (Mythological Bondelswarts Chief)(around 1800)
|Aib  (Mythological Bondelswarts Chief)(around 1800)
#Oab  (Mythological Bondelswarts Chief)(around 1800)
||Nanib, Bondelswart, before 1840
Amaxab, Bondelswart, before 1850
Christian, Jan (|Garimb), before 1860
|O-bib, Bondelswart, before 1860
Christian, Abraham (!Nau Xab |Gari Numab), Bondelswart, before 1869
Christian, Jacobus (Xau-5ob !Nanxamab), Bondelswart, vor 1869
Christian, Wilhelm (#Nao Xab Xau-||mab), 1869-1901
Christian, Jan Abraham (!Nanseb Kaib #Naoxamab), 1901-1903
Christian, Johannes (!Nanseb #Khami #Naoxamab), 1903-1906
Christian, Wilhelm Junior (|Gariseb Gaib !Nansemab), 1918/19
Christian, Jakobus (Taoseb #Naoxamab), Bondelswart, 1919-1943
Christian, Nathanel (|Gariseb #Khami !Nansemab), 1943-1953
Christian, Wilhelm (Ga-khoeb |Garisemab), 1953-1977
Christian, Jakobus (!Hao-||ib Taosemab), 1953-1977
Christian, Anna Katrina (!Garisema !Nanse Ga-Khoes), 1977-

Namaland Captains: Fransman Nama (!Khara-khoen)

Willem Franzman, died February 1854
Piet Koper (!Gamab), 1854-1863
Simon Koper (!Gomxab), 1863-1909

Namaland Captains: Groot Doden (||-gain)

Jager #Aimab, around 1860
Hendrik Windstaan (Kol), around 1880

Namaland-Captains: Keetmanshoop Nama (Kharo-!oan)

Tseib (Kharo-!oan), 1850-Beginning 20. Century

Namaland-Captains: Khauas Nama (Kai|khauan)

Lambert, Amraal (#Gai-|nub), 1814-1864
Lambert, Andreas (!Nanib), 1864-1894
Lambert, Eduard, 1894-1896

Namaland Captains: Orlam Afrikaner (!G-!gun or Nauba-xu gye |ki-khoen)


Afrikaner, Klaas, around 1760
Afrikaner, Jager, ca. 1790-1823
Afrikaner, Jonker (|Hara-mb), 1823-1861
Afrikaner, Christian, 1861-1863
Afrikaner, Jan Jonker, 1863-1889
Jagger, Jeremiah, 1996-

Namaland Captains: Riemvasmaker

Patriarch-"King" Dawid Dawids (Riemvasmaker), ca. 1865-1940

Namaland Captains: Red Nation (Kai||khaun)

#
Hb, 1695-1710
||Khomab #Hmab, 1710-1725
||Khaub gaib||Khomab, 1725-1740
#-||nib ||Khaumab, 1740-1755
|Hanab #||nimab, 1755-1770
!Gaob |Hanamab, 1770-1800
Gamb !Gaomab, 1800-1814
Tsawb Gamab, 1814-1824
!Na-khom Gamab, 1824-1840
||Oaseb !Na-khomab, 1840-1867
#Goraxab ||Oasmab, 1867-1877
|Gbeb #Goraxab, 1877-1880
!Noreseb Gamab (Manasse), 1880-1905
!Hob ||Oasmab, 1922-1936
Noach Tsai-Tsaib, 1936-1948
Kooper, Matheus, 1948-1986
Kooper, Petrus Simon Moses, 1986-

Namaland Captains: Swartbooi ( ||Khau-|gan)

Swartbooi, Willem (!Huiseb #Haobemab), Swartbooi, ca. 1830-1864
Swartbooi, Abraham (from Ameib), 1864-1882
Swartbooi, Cornelius, 1882-1895
Swartbooi, David, 1895-1898
Luipert, Danil, 1986-

Namaland Captains: Topnaar Nama (#Aonin)

Khaxab (Topnaar Nama), before 1850
||Haibeb, Piet (Topnaar Nama), around 1850-ca. 1909/10
Uixamab, Jan (Zesfontein Topnaar (!Gomen)), before 1900
|Khaoreb, Tuob Jonas (Topnaar Nama), 1909/10-1914
Koitjie, Seth (Topnaar Nama), 1980-

Namaland Captains: Vaalgras Nama

Joel Stephanus (Vaalgras-Gemeinschaft), 1975-

Namaland Captains: Veldschoendrager (||Hawoben)

#
Ariseb (Kannamab), Veldschoendrager, before 1837
Hendrik Henricks (!Nanib gaib #Arisemab), 1837-1865
Karl Hendrik (Ses) (!Nanib #karib #Arisemab), 1865-1887
Hendrik, Jan, 1887-1905
Hendrik, Jan (or Bob Hendrik), 1905-1922
Titus, Hans J., 1980-

Namaland Captains: Witbooi-Nama (|Khowesin)

Witbooi, Kido (#A-||ib), around 1855-1875
Witbooi, Moses, 1875-1888
Witbooi, Hendrik (!Nanseb |Gabemab), 1888-1905
Witbooi, Isaak (!Nanseb #Kharib !Nansemab), 1905-1928
Witbooi, David, 1928-1955
Witbooi, Hendrik Samuel, 1955-1978
Witbooi, Hendrik (!Nanseb |Gabemab), 1978-

Ovaherero-Chiefs

Kengeza (Ovaherero Chief), before 1750 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Tjituka (Ovaherero Chief), before 1750 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Mbunga (Ovaherero Chief), before 1750 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Mutjise (Ovaherero Chief), around 1750 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Tjirwe (Ovaherero Chief), after 1750 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Mukuejuva (Ovaherero Chief), before 1800 (Eanda yomukueyuva)
Mbondo (Ovaherero Chief), before 1810 (Eanda yomukueyuva)
Peraa, Ovaherero Chief, before 1810 (Eanda yomukueyuva)
Ndomo (Ovaherero Chief), before 1820 (Eanda yomukueyuva)
Tjamuaha, Ua Tjirue (Ovaherero Chief), ca. 1840-1861 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Maharero (Kamaharero)(Ovaherero Chief), 1862-1890 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Maharero, Samuel (Katjikumbwa or Ourihuuna), 1890-1904 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Maharero, Traugott (Ovaherero Chief), 1908-1945 (Oruzo orwohorongo)
Maharero, Eduard (Ovaherero Chief in Okonja near Otjinene)(Oruzo orwohorongo), 1945-1969
Maharero, Alfons Kaihepaovazandu (Ovaherero Chief in Okonja near Otjinene)(Oruzo orwohorongo), 1969-
Tjihahu (Ovaherero Chief), before 1830
Tjoro (Ovaherero Chief), before 1840
Mungunda, Samuel Aron (Ovaherero Chief), around 1840
Katjari (Ovaherero Chief), around 1844
Kahitjene, Oove ua Muhoko (Ovaherero Chief), ca. 1840-1851
Kangombe (Ovaherero Chief), before 1860
Kambazembi wa Kangombe (Ovaherero Chief), ca. 1860-1903
Kambazembi, David Kaonjonga (Ovaherero Chief), 1903-1904
Kambazembi, Salatiel (Ovaherero Chief), 1903-1941
Kambazembi, Josephat (Ovaherero Chief), 1941-1960
Ombara (tradtional title) Kambazembi, Tuhavi David (Ovaherero Chief), 1989-
Kariko, Daniel (Ovaherero Chief from Okombahe), ca. 1890-1896
Zeraua, Christian Wilhelm (Ovaherero Chief from Omaruru), around 1860 until 1876
Tjaherani (Ovaherero Chief from Omburo near Omaruru), 1876-1884
Tyiseseta, Manasse (Ovaherero Chief from Omaruru), 1884-1898
Tyiseseta, Michael (Ovaherero Chief from Omaruru), 1898-1904 (Headman in South Africa until his death in 1923 in Krugersdorp, his corpse was transferred to Omaruru in 2004)
Zeraua, Zacharias (Ovaherero Chief from Otjimbingwe), 1876-1904
Ombara Zeraua, Christiaan Eerike (Ovaherero Chief from Omatjette), 1997-
Kutako, Hosea (Ovaherero Chief), 1919-1970
Kapuuo, Clemence (Ovaherero Chief), 1970-1978
Riarua (Nama: Amadamap)(Ovaherero Chief), ca. 1870-1899
Riarua, Assa (Ovaherero Chief), ca. 1890-1904
Riruako, Kuaima (Ovaherero Chief), 1978-
Maharero, Alfons (Chief of the Maharero/Tjamuaha Royal House), 1999-
Tjamuaha, Frederik II, 1999-

Hoveka, Kanangati (Ovambanderu Chief), around 1880-1896
Hoveka, Nikanor (Ovambanderu Chief), 1896-1951
Hoveka, Stephanus (Ovambanderu Chief), 1951-1957
Hoveka, Gerson (Ovambanderu Chief), 1957-1997
Hoveka, Sylvanus  (Ovambanderu Chief), 1997-
Kavikunua, Nikodemus (Ovambanderu Chief), around 1880-1896
Nguvauva, Kahimemua (Ovambanderu Chief), around 1880-1896
Nguvauva, Hiatuvao (Ovambanderu Chief), 1896- Beginning 20. Century
Nguvauva II, Munjuku, Ombara Onene JovaMbanderu (traditional title)(Ovambanderu Chief), 1952-
Tjetjo, Kandji (Ovambanderu Chief from Owikokorero), around 1880-1904
Tjetjo, Traugott (Ovambanderu Chief), around 1895-1904

Vita Tom (Oorlog)(Ovahimba Chief), ca. 1870-1937
Katiti, Muhona (Ovahimba Chief), ca. 1910-1931
Tjavara, Paulus U, Ombara (Otjikaoko Traditional Authority), 1996-
Thom, Kapuka John, Ombara (Vita Royal House), 1996-

Kasupi (Ovatjimba Chief), ca. 1900-1923
Kahewa-Nawa (Ovatjimba Chief), 1923-1935       

Ovamboland Kings


Ombalantu King: Oswin Shifiona Mukulu, 1983-

Ondonga King: Nembulungo lyNgwedha, 1650-1690
Ondonga King: Shindongo shaNamutenya gwa Nguti, 1690-1700
Ondonga King: Nangombe yaMvula, 1700-1750
Ondonga King: Nembungu lyAmutundu, 1750- ca. 1820
Ondonga King: Nangolo dAmutenya, ca. 1820-1857
Ondonga King: Shipanga shAmukwiita, 1857-1859
Ondonga King: Shikongo sha Kalulu, 1859-1874
Ondonga King: Kambonde kaNankwaya, 1874-1883
Ondonga King: Iitana yaNekwiyu, 1883-1884
Ondonga King: Nehale, 1884-1908
Ondonga King: Kambonde kaMpingana, 1884-1909
Ondonga King: Kambonde kaNgula, 1909-1912
Ondonga King: Nambala yaKadhikwa, Martin, 1912-1942
Ondonga King: Kambonde kaNamene, 1942-1960
Ondonga King: Martin (Ambala) Ashikoto, 1960-1967
Ondonga King: Pau (Paulus) Elifas (1967-1970)
Ondonga King Filemon yElifas lyaShindondola, 1970-1975
Ondonga King: Immanuel Elifas (Kauluma), 1975-

Ongandjera King: Niilwa, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Nangombe ya Mangundu, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Amatundu ga Nima, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Niita yIitula, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Nandigolo uIitula, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Nuunyango uIitula, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Nkandi kAmwaama, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Nangombe, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Namatsi, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Amunyela gwIileka, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Asino, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Amwaama, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Tshaanika tsha Tshiimi, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Namatsi, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Nalukale, before 1858
Ongandjera King: Namutenya, until 1858
Ongandjera King: Amunyela gwa Tshaningwa, 1858-1862
Ongandjera King; Ekandjo lya Kadhila, 1862
Ongandjera Queen: Nakashwa, 1862
Ongandjera King: Tsheya tsUutshona, 1862-1878
Ongandjera King: Iiyambo yIileka, 1878-1887
Ongandjera King: Tshaanika Tsha Natshilongo, 1887-1930
Ongandjera King: Sheya shaAmukwa, 1930-1936
Ongandjera King: Tshaanika shIipinge, 1936-1948
Ongandjera King: Japhet Malenga Munkundi, 1971-

Uukolonkadhi King: David Shooya, 1985-

Uukwaluudhi King: Amukwa yAmunyela, before 1850
Uukwaluudhi King: Nakakwiila, before 1850
Uukwaluudhi King: Kamongwa, before 1850
Uukwaluudhi King: Natshilongo shIikombo, before 1850
Uukwaluudhi King: Shikwa shAmupindi (Kayambu), before 1850
Uukwaluudhi King: Niilenge ya Shipula, before 1850
Uukwaluudhi King: Uushona uEndjila, before 1850
Uukwaluudhi King: Shikongo shIipinge, ca. 1850-1902
Uukwaluudhi King: Niilenga yAmukwa, 1902-1908
Uukwaluudhi King: Iita ya Nalitoke, 1908-1909
Uukwaluudhi King: Mwaala gwa Nashilongo, 1909-1960
Uukwaluudhi King: Hosea Shikongo Taapopi Shitaatala, 1960-

Uukwambi King: Mukwambi, before 1750
Uukwambi King: Nakano, before 1750
Uukwambi King, Mbulungundju, before 1750
Uukwambi King: Niigogo ya Natsheya, before 1750
Uukwambi King: Neyema, before 1750
Uukwambi King: Nuyoma wAmutako, before 1750
Uukwambi King: Nakwedhi (Mukwiilongo), before 1750
Uukwambi King: Nakantu kaNakwedhi, 1750-1780
Uukwambi King: Nuukata waTshiinga, 1780-1800
Uukwambi King: Iilonga yaNyango, around 1800
Uukwambi King: Tshikesho, before 1860
Uukwambi King: Tshikongo, 1860
Uukwambi King: Nuyoma wIipumbu, 1860-1862
Uukwambi King: Iipumbu ya Nangaku, 1862-1863
Uukwambi King: Tshikesho tshEelu, 1863
Uukwambi King: Nuyoma, 1863-1875
Uukwambi King: Negumbo lya Kandenge, 1875-1907
Uukwambi King: Iipumbu ya Tshilongo, 1907-1932
Uukwambi King: Iipumbu, Herman, 1991-

Uukwanyama King: Kambungu kaMuheya, around 1600
Uukwanyama King: Mushindi uaKanene, around 1600
Uukwanyama King: Kavonga kaHaidongo, around 1600
Uukwanyama King: Heita yMuvale, around 1650
Uukwanyama King: Hautolonde uaNdja, around 1650
Uukwanyama King: Shimbilinga shaNailambi, before 1800
Uukwanyama King: Haihambo yaMukwanuli, before 1807
Uukwanyama King: Hamangulu yaNahambo, 1807-1811
Uukwanyama King: Haimbili yaHaufiku, ca. 1811-1858
Uukwanyama King: Haikukutu yaShinangola, 1858-1859
Uukwanyama King: Sefeni shaMukuyu, 1859-1862
Uukwanyama King: Mweshipandeka sha Shaningika, 1862-1882
Uukwanyama King: Namadi ya Mweihanyeka, 1882-1884
Uukwanyama Knig: Ueyulu ya Hedimbi, 1884-1904
Uukwanyama King: Nande, 1904-1911
Uukwanyama King: Mandume ya Ndemufayo, 1911-1917
Uukwanyama King: Cornelius Mwetupunga Shelungu, 1998-

Rehoboth Baster Captains

Van Wyk, Hermanus, 1870-1905
Van Wyk, Cornelius, 1914-1924
Mouton, Albert, 1924-1925
Africa, Ben, 1977-1979
Diergaardt, Johannes Hans Gerard Adolf, 1979-1990

San Chiefs

Arnold, John N, ||'Aiha, !Kung Traditional Authority, 1990-
Tsamkxao #Oma, ||'Aiha, Ju|'hoansi Traditional Authority, 1990-

Tswana Chiefs

Kgosiemang, Constance Letang, Kgosi-kgolo (traditonal title)(Tswana Community, Gobabis), 1979-1992
Ditshabue, Hubert Tidimalo, Kgoshi (traditional title)(Tswana Community, Aminuis), 1992-

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