6.0   A ROAD MAINTENANCE STRATEGY FOR THE STUDY AREA

 

6.1     UNPAVED ROADS: ROUTINE MAINTENANCE

 

The Road Maintenance Strategy, for the Oshikoto, Ohangwena, Oshana and Omusati Regions should be based on the portioning of the Study Area into manageable sized Routine Maintenance Units, notably Grader Units for conventionally built roads and other Maintenance Units (Road Maintenance Units (RMU)) for Labour Based built roads, using towed grading during the wet season and tyre dragging during the dry season. Each unit should be responsible for between 120 and 160 km of earth and gravel roads. The defined maintenance areas can be properly planned, budgeted for, and the implementation can be monitored closely by the Roads Authority according to the approved work plans and quality control according to the "Roads Authority: Contract No RA/MC-MRP/01-2002: Construction and Maintenance of Roads in Namibia". One of the main purposes of the Maintenance Strategy is to ensure that, through proper execution of planned routine maintenance activities, the road network in the Study Area is kept in a good trafficable condition throughout the year and that the useful life of the road is extended until periodic maintenance (regravelling) will be required.

The Road Maintenance Unit (RMU) is the core element of the maintenance system. The RMU comprises of trained core staff of the RCC and casual labour who along with the necessary equipment and material resources operate from a centrally located base camp within the Maintenance Unit Area (See Section 4.4: Maintenance Strategies for Labour Based Built Roads). The size of the Maintenance Unit Area depends on the length of the road network that can be maintained by a motor grader (GU) or alternatively by an agricultural tractor, which is the key item of equipment required for towed grading, tyre dragging and transport the labour and material. The length is between 120 km and 160 km of road, depending on traffic loads, materials and terrain.

 

6.1.1    OSHIKOTO REGION

 

The summarised recommendations for the unpaved roads in the Oshikoto Region can be found in table 39:

 

TABLE 39: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: UNPAVED ROADS: OSHIKOTO REGION

 

 

Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS

D2863 Tsumeb 29,4 33,3 (Kombat)-Reg.Border-D3022

35

Road is maintained by Otjozondjupa Region
D3001 Tsumeb 0,0 19,0 T0110 (south of Oshivelo)-D3004

7

Maintenance level of grading every third week has to be reduced to six times per year
D3001 Tsumeb 19,0 40,7 D3004-D3007

7

Maintenance level of grading every third week has to be reduced to six times per year
D3001 Tsumeb 40,7 58,4 D3007-D3047

7

Maintenance level of grading every third week has to be reduced to six times per year
D3001 Tsumeb 58,4 79,6 D3047-M0075 (south Tsintsabis)

7

Maintenance level of grading every third week has to be reduced to six times per year
D3003 Tsumeb 0,0 27,8 T0110-D3028

5

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to two times per year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3004 Tsumeb 0,0 20,9 T0110-D3001

4

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to two times per year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3007 Tsumeb 0,0 54,4 T0110 (north of Tsumeb)-D3001

8

Maintenance level is appropriate
D3016 Tsumeb 0,0 18,1 M0075 (Tsintsabis)-D3017

4

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to two times per year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3016 Tsumeb 18,1 25,0 D3017-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)

4

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to two times per year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3017 Tsumeb 39,3 53,6 (Abenab)-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-D3016

15

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 4 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Shrubs on the shoulders should be removed

D3021 Tsumeb 0,0 14,5 M0072-Reg.Border-(Otjozondjupa)

6

Road is maintained by Otjozondjupa Region
D3022 Tsumeb 13,4 27,2 (M0072)-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-D2863

25

Road is maintained by Otjozondjupa Region
D3022 Tsumeb 27.2 41,4 D2863-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-(T0082)

25

Road is maintained by Otjozondjupa Region
D3025 Tsumeb 0,0 47,8 D3028- Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)

1

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

(Is in the process to be deproclaimed as a district road)

D3028 Tsumeb 64,0 90,7 (Otavi)-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-D3025

3

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to once a year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3028 Tsumeb 90,7 93,3 D3025-D3003

3

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to once a year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3028 Tsumeb 93,3 113,0 D3003-M0084

3

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to once a year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3031 Tsumeb 48,3 56,4 (Otavi)-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-D3022

5

Road is maintained by Otjozondjupa Region
D3039 Tsumeb 0,0 20,6 M0075-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)

2

Maintenance level of grading every three months has to be reduced to once a year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3043 Tsumeb 0,0 19,4 T0110-D3031

13

Maintenance level of grading every two weeks has to be reduced to 12 times per year.
D3043 Tsumeb 19,4 24,1 D3031- Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-(D3028)

13

Maintenance level of grading every two weeks has to be reduced to 12 times per year.
D3047 Tsumeb 0,0 42,5 M0075 (north of Tsumeb)-D3001 (west of Tsintsabis)

4

Maintenance level of grading every fifth week has to be reduced to twice a year.

Proclamation to a Farm Road has to be considered

D3600 Tsumeb 0,0 13,3 M0075/D3016 (Tsintsabis)-Reg.Border (Ohangwena)

2

Has to be constructed according to the priorities of the revised Ovamboland Road Master Plan
D3602 Tsumeb 50.6 57,3 Reg.Border (Ohangwena)-D3603 (Okankolo)

37

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3603 Tsumeb 0,0 31,2 T0111 (Onathinge)-D3602 (Okankolo)

59

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3603 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3603 Tsumeb 31,2 40,4 D3602 (Okankolo)-D3631

59

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3603 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3603 Tsumeb 40,4 91,9 D3631-D3630 (Ohumbula)

4

Has to be constructed according to the priorities of the revised Ovamboland Road Master Plan
D3603 Tsumeb 91,9 132,9 D3630 (Ohumbula) -Reg.Border (Ohangwena)-(Okongo)

4

Has to be constructed according to the priorities of the revised Ovamboland Road Master Plan
D3606 Tsumeb 6,7 11,1 Reg.Border (Oshana)-D3629 (west of Olukonda)

16

Traffic counts to be verified.

Re-gravelling is recommended and maintenance by appropriate L.B. maintenance techniques based on community participation have to be sustained. A blading frequency of 24 times per year is regarded too high for an AADT=16 (table 22).

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3606 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3625 Tsumeb 24,7 31,1 Reg.Border (Ohangwena) –Begin of Seal

19

Traffic counts to be verified.

A blading frequency of 24 times per year is possibly too high for an AADT=19 (table 22).

D3625 Tsumeb 31,1 31,4 Begin of Seal- M0121 (east of Oshigambo)

19

Traffic counts to be verified.

A blading frequency of 24 times per year is possibly too high for an AADT=19 (table 22).

D3629 Tsumeb 0,0 3,4 T0111 (Onethindi)-D3606 (Olukonda)

31

Traffic counts to be verified.

With a possible traffic load of AADT> 100 this section has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as top priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

D3629 Tsumeb 3,4 5,8 D3606 (Olukonda)-Okaloko

22

Re-gravelling is recommended and maintenance by appropriate L.B. maintenance techniques based on community participation have to be sustained. A blading frequency of 24 times per year is regarded too high for an AADT=16 (table 22).

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3629 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3630 Tsumeb 0,0 13,1 T0111 (Onyati)-D3631 (Onyuulaye)

34

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3630 Tsumeb 13,1 80,0 D3631 (Onyuulaye)-D3603 (Ohumbula

9

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained because it can be expected that with the completion of the construction the traffic will increase.
D3631 Tsumeb 0,0 20,5 D3603 (east of Okankolo)-D3630 (Onyuulaye)

10

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained because it can be expected that the traffic will increase.
M0075 Tsumeb 11,6 21,2 End of seal-D3047

79

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is presently appropriate.

Medium term paving has to be considered if M0075 reaches an AADT of between 100 and 120 (table 29).

M0075 Tsumeb 21,2 27,9 D3047-D3039

79

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is presently appropriate.

Medium term paving has to be considered if M0075 reaches an AADT of between 100 and 120 (table 29).

M0075 Tsumeb 27,9 61,1 D3039-D3001

79

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is presently appropriate.

Medium term paving has to be considered if M0075 reaches an AADT of between 100 and 120 (table 29).

M0075 Tsumeb 61,1 65,0 D3001-D3016 (Tsintsabis)

79

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is presently appropriate.

Medium term paving has to be considered if M0075 reaches an AADT of between 100 and 120 (table 29).

M0075 Tsumeb 65,0 65,2 D3016 (Tsintsabis)-D3600

79

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 24 times per year (table 22) is presently appropriate.

Medium term paving has to be considered if M0075 reaches an AADT of between 100 and 120 (table 29).

M0121 Tsumeb 21,6 23,4 End of Seal-Reg.Border (Ohangwena)

525

With a traffic load of AADT> 500 this section has to be urgently upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer (or even higher) as a short to medium term priority (L.B. construction).

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

TABLE 40: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: UNPAVED ROADS: OSHANA REGION

 

Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS

D3605 Ondangwa 1,6 12,8 End of Paved Section-End of built road (Uukwiyo)

18

Traffic counts to be verified.

Re-gravelling is recommended and maintenance by appropriate L.B. maintenance techniques have to be sustained. A blading frequency of 24 times per year is regarded too high for an AADT=18 (table 22).

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3605 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3605 Ondangwa 12,8 66,5 End of built road (Uukwiyo)-Dist.Border (Oshakati)

18

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
D3606 Ondangwa 0,0 4,3 D3605-approx. Oluno prison

(verify distance)

15

Traffic counts to be verified.

Re-gravelling is recommended and maintenance by appropriate L.B. maintenance techniques have to be sustained. A blading frequency of 24 times per year is regarded too high for an AADT=16 (table 22).

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3606 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3606 Ondangwa 4,3 6,7 Approx. Oluno prison-Reg.Border (Oshikoto)-(Olukonda)

(verify distance)

16

Traffic counts to be verified.

Re-gravelling is recommended and maintenance by appropriate L.B. maintenance techniques have to be sustained. A blading frequency of 24 times per year is regarded too high for an AADT=16 (table 22).

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3606 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3636 Ondangwa 0,0 8,9 M0092 (Okaku)-Dist.Border (Oshakati)

47

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force.

D3637 Ondangwa 0,0 17,6 M0092 (Okapya)-D3638 (Ohalushu)

20

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force.

D3638 Ondangwa 10,2 13,1 (Ongha)-Reg.Border (Ohangwena)-D3637 (Ohalushu)

10

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force.

D3638 Ondangwa 13,1 25,9 D3637 (Ohalushu)-Dist.Border (Oshakati)

10

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force.

D3605 Oshakati 66,5 90,8 Dist.Border (Ondangwa)-Reg.Border (Omusati)

18

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
D3607 Oshakati 0,0 14,8 M0092 (Oshakati)-Ompundja

23

Traffic counts to be verified.

Re-gravelling is recommended and maintenance by appropriate L.B. maintenance techniques have to be sustained. A blading frequency of 24 times per year is regarded appropriate for an AADT=23 (table 22).

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3607 reaches an AADT of 70 (the section in the municipal area of Oshakati should be paved as a priority) .

D3609 Oshakati 0,0 10,7 M0092 (west of Oshakati)-Reg.Border (Ohangwena)-(west of Ongenga)

50

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3609 to Omungwelume reaches an AADT of 70.

D3636 Oshakati 8,9 24,5 Dist.Border (Ondangwa)- Onakamwandi

47

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force.

D3638 Oshakati 25,9 30,3 Dist.Border (Ondangwa)-M0092 (Eko)

10

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force.

D3647 Oshakati 0,0 10,0 M0120 (Ombwata- Reg.Border (Ohangwena)-(Ongenga)   Not built as yet

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.

See photo 034
M0120 Oshakati 6,3 11,8 (M0092)-(End of Seal at Oshana Okatana)-Reg.Border (Ohangwena)

72

With a traffic load of AADT> 70 this section of M0120 has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short to medium term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

 

6.1.3     OHANGWENA REGION

 

The summarised recommendations for the unpaved roads in the Ohangwena Region can be found in table 41:

 

TABLE 41: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: UNPAVED ROADS: OHANGWENA REGION

 
Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDTIONS

D3600 Eenhana 113,3 128,4 Reg.Border (Oshikoto)-M0110

5

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
D3602 Eenhana 0,0 3,5 Elundu-M0110

37

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3602 Eenhana 3,5 50,6 M0110-Reg.Border (Oshikoto)-(Okankolo)

37

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3603 Eenhana 132,9 153,1 Reg.Border (Oshikoto)-M0110 (Okongo)

4

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
D3604 Eenhana 0,0 11,7 MR121-Uukango

3

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
D3608 Eenhana 3,5 29,1 End of Seal (Engela)-Ongenga-D3609

38

Traffic counts to be verified.

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3608 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3608 Eenhana 29,1 35,3 D3609-Reg.Border (Omusati)

50

Traffic counts to be verified.

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3608 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3609 Eenhana 24,8 36,9 (Oshakati)-Reg.Border (Oshana)-D3608

50

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3624 Eenhana 0,0 14,6 M0110 (14,5 km east of Elundu Junction)-End of Road

14

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 12 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3625 Eenhana 0,0 24,7 M0110 (18,7 km east of Omafo)-Reg.Border (Oshikoto)-(Oshigambo)

15

Traffic counts to be verified.

A blading frequency of 24 times per year is possibly too high for an AADT=15 (table 22).

D3638 Eenhana 0,0 10,2 T0111 (Ongha)-Reg.Border (Oshana)

6

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force.

D3639 Eenhana 0,0 24,4 T0111 (north of Junction with D3608: south of Oshikango)-M0110 (Junction with D3625)

190

Is on the programme to be constructed by L.B. construction means.

Is currently under construction.

Appropriate community based L.B. maintenance techniques have to be maintained by appropriately trained community casual work force after completion of the project.

Traffic load is so high that a dust-free gravel road (light seal) or even a full scale paced road has to be considered in order to optimise road user and road owner costs.

D3647 Oshakati 10,0 31,5 Reg.Border (Ohangwena)-D3608 (Ongenga)   Not built as yet

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.

M0110 Eenhana 71,9 86,4 End of Seal (D3602: Elundu Junction)-D3624

50

With a traffic load of AADT> 130 this section of M0110 has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

M0110 Eenhana 86,4 124,1 D3624-D3603 (Okongo)

50

With a traffic load of AADT> 130 this section of M0110 has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

M0110 Eenhana 124,1 204,6 D3603 (Okongo)-D3600

50

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 26 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of M0110 reaches an AADT of 70.

M0110 Eenhana 204,6 208,8 D3600-Reg.Border (Kavango)

50

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 26 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of M0110 reaches an AADT of 70.

M0120 Eenhana 11,8 22,7 Reg.Border (Oshana)-Endola

72

With a traffic load of AADT> 70 this section has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short to medium term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

M0120 Eenhana 22,7 42,5 Endola-T0111 (Omafo)

72

This section of M0120 has to be built as a top priority in the first instance.

With a traffic load of AADT> 70 this section has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short to medium term priorityE.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

M0121 Eenhana 23.4 39,0 Reg.Border (Oshikoto)-D3604

82

With a traffic load of AADT> 80 this section has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short to medium term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

M0121 Eenhana 39,0 67,3 D3604-M0110 (Eenhana)

82

With a traffic load of AADT> 80 this section has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short to medium term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

 

6.1.4     OMUSATI REGION

 

The summarised recommendations for the unpaved roads in the Omusati Region can be found in table 410:

 

TABLE 42: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: UNPAVED ROADS: OMUSATI REGION

 
Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDTIONS

D3605 Outapi

90,8 225,1

Reg.Border (Oshana)-M0067 (Otjondeka)

19

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
D3608 Outapi

35,3 60,1

Reg.Border (Ohangwena)-D3611 (Okalongo)

40

Traffic counts to be verified.

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3608 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3608 Outapi

60,1 99,1

D3611 (Okalongo)-Anamulenge-M0092 (Outapi)

10

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 26 times per year is possibly too high and should be adopted in accordance of table 22.
D3609 Outapi

10,7 24,8

Reg. Border (Oshana)-Reg.Border (Ohangwena)

50

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3611 Outapi

5,5 28,8

(M0092 (Oshikuku)-End of Seal-D3608 (Okalongo)

57

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if the section of D3611 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3615 Outapi

0,0 15,8

M0092 (Oshikuku)-M0111

38

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3616 Outapi

0,0 20,0

M0092 (west of Mahenene)-D3617 (Onesi)

47

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.

Medium term paving has to be considered if this section of D3616 reaches an AADT of 70.

D3616 Outapi

20,0 47,8

D3617 (Onesi)-M0123 (Tsandi)

41

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained
D3617 Outapi

0.0 43,5

M0067- D3616 (Onesi)

20

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 12 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained
D3618 Outapi

4,6 23,1

Ruacana Town (End of Seal)-Reg.Border (Kunene)-(D3700)

5

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
D3619 Outapi

0,0 14,0

M0111-Onaanda

20

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 26 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3626 Outapi 0.0 13,9 M0111-Etilyasa

13

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3627 Outapi 0,0 6,2 M0092-Angola Border

49

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 52 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3628 Outapi 0,0 1,7 M0092-Angola Border (Ruacana)   This international link to Angola needs urgent attention. It is paved to NamPower Transmission Station at Ruacana (the pavement needs only Routine Maintenance).

The last 0,65 km to the border post were not constructed and should be paved.

D3633 Outapi 0,0 21,6 D3612 (Tsandi)-Omugulu-gOmbashe

22

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3635 Outapi 0,0 14,3 M0111 (Okahao)-Amwaanda

10

The Routine Maintenance and blading frequency of 15 times per year (table 22) is appropriate and should be sustained.
D3700 Outapi 0,0 2,1 M0092 (Ruacana)-Reg.Border (Kunene)

42

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
M0067 Outapi 211,0 233,8 Reg.Border (Kunene)-Werda Gate

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0067 Outapi 233,8 255,6 Werda Gate-Kowares

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0067 Outapi 255,6 293,5 Kowares-D3709

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0067 Outapi 293,5 297,5 D3709-D3605 (Otjondeka)

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0067 Outapi 297,5 358,9 D3605 (Otjondeka)-M0100/M0122

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0067 Outapi 358,9 379,1 M0100/M0122-Reg.Border (Kunene)

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0067 Outapi 379,1 418,3 Reg.Border (Kunene)-D3617

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0067 Outapi 418,3 443,6 D3617-M0092

113

With a traffic load of AADT> 110 this section has to be upgraded to an appropriate paved standard as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is currently sufficient.

M0122 Outapi 0,0 95,2 M0067-M0111 (Okahao)

55

To be constructed according to the recommendations of the Masterplan.
M0123 Outapi 0,0 30,3 M0092 (Outapi)-D3616 (Tsandi)

144

With a traffic load of AADT> 140 this section of M0123 has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

M0123 Outapi 30,3 31,1 D3616 (Tsandi)-D3633 (Tsandi)

95

With a traffic load of AADT> 90 this section of M0123 has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

M0123 Outapi 31,1 55,2 D3633 (Tsandi)-M0111/M0122 (Okahao)

95

With a traffic load of AADT> 90 this section of M0123 has to be upgraded to a paved single surfacing layer as a short term priority.

E.Q. blading with a blading frequency of 52 times (table 22) per year is not sufficient.

Under the peculiar existing wearing course material’s situation re-gravelling will not result in a stable maintenance level and valuable basecourse and subbase materials will be wasted.

 

6.2   PAVED ROADS

 

6.2.1   OSHIKOTO REGION

 

The summarised recommendations for the paved roads in the Oshikoto Region can be found in table 43:

 

TABLE 43: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: PAVED ROADS: OSHIKOTO REGION

 
Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS

M0072 Tsumeb 33,4 42,9 Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-D3021

470

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied. Basecourse repairs where necessary and a early rejuvenation is indicated.
M0072 Tsumeb 42,9 55,8 D3021-T0109-T0110 (Tsumeb)

470

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied. Basecourse repairs where necessary and a early rejuvenation is indicated.
M0075 Tsumeb 0,0 3,9 TR0109-T0110-M0072 (Tsumeb)-Tsumeb

410

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied. Basecourse repairs where necessary and a early rejuvenation is indicated.
M0075 Tsumeb 3,9 4,3 Tsumeb-Railway Level Crossing

410

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied. Basecourse repairs where necessary and a early rejuvenation is indicated.
M0075 Tsumeb 4,3 11,6 Railway Level Crossing -End of Seal

410

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied. Basecourse repairs where necessary and a early rejuvenation is indicated.
M0084 Tsumeb 0,0 5,8 T0110-D3028

120

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0084 Tsumeb 5,8 24,6 D3028-Von Lindequist Gate: Etosha

100

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0084 Tsumeb 24,6 35,5 Von Lindequist Gate: Etosha- Namutoni Rest Camp

100

The pavement is generally in a good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0121 Tsumeb 0,0 20,4 T0111 (Onathindi)-Onandjokwe-D3625 (Oshigambo)

3 735

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.

Concrete edging has to be provided in populated areas.Concrete edging has to be provided in populated areas.

M0121 Tsumeb 20,4 21,6 D3625 (Oshigambo)-End of Seal

3 735

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.

Concrete edging has to be provided in populated areas.

T0109 Tsumeb 33,8 61,3 (Otavi)-Reg.Border (Otjozondjupa)-Carriageway Change

735

T0109 shows signs of layered pavement distress in places and has to be rehabilitated as a short term priority. The trunk road also has to be widened to a pavement width of 8,0 m.
T0109 Tsumeb 61,3 61,9 Carriageway Change-T0110-M0072/M0075 (Tsumeb Intersection)

735

T0109 shows signs of layered pavement distress in places and has to be rehabilitated as a short term priority. The trunk road also has to be widened to a pavement width of 8,0 m.
T0110 Tsumeb 0,0 6,5 T0109/M0072 (Tsumeb Intersection)-Old M0083 (Access Road to Tsumeb)

780

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0110 Tsumeb 6,5 9,7 Old M0083-D3007

780

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0110 Tsumeb 9,7 25,7 D3007-D3043

710

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0110 Tsumeb 25,7 39,4 D3043-D3003

710

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0110 Tsumeb 39,4 61,0 D3003-D3004

710

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0110 Tsumeb 61.0 75,5 D3004-M0084

710

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0110 Tsumeb 75,5 84,0 M0084-D3001

710

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0110 Tsumeb 84,0 94,8 D3001-Oshivelo

710

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Tsumeb 0,0 92,2 Oshivelo-D3603

710

T0111 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Tsumeb 92,2 126,0 D3630 (Onyati)-D3603

880

T0111 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Tsumeb 126,0 146,9 D3603- M0121 (Onathindi)

1 080

T0111 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Tsumeb 146,9 147,3 M0121 (Onathindi)-D3629

1 380

T0111 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Tsumeb 147,3 150,8 D3629-Reg.Border (Oshana) (southwest of Ondangwa)

2 200

T0111 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
 

6.2.2   OSHANA REGION

 

The summarised recommendations for the paved roads in the Oshana Region can be found in table 44:

 

TABLE 44: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: PAVED ROADS: OSHANA REGION

 
Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDTIONS

D3605 Ondangwa 0,0 1,2

* measured: 1,6 km

T0111 (Oluno)-End of Paved Section

18

The pavement was constructed by the Ondangwa City Council. This section of D3605 has to be deproclaimed.
M0092 Ondangwa 0,0 4,2 T0111 (Ondangwa)-D3636

3 700

M0092 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Ondangwa 4,2 11,1 D3636-D3637

3 700

M0092 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Ondangwa 11,1 18,1 D3637-Dist.Border (Oshakati)

3 700

M0092 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Ondangwa 150,8 151,8 Reg.Border (Oshikoto)-D3605

1 580

T0111 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Ondangwa 151,8 155,2 D3605-M0092 (Ondangwa)

1 510

T0111 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
T0111 Ondangwa 155,2 182,8 M0092 (Ondangwa)-Reg.Border (Ohangwena)

1 450

Under design to be rehabilitated. Special attention has to be given to concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges.
M0092 Oshakati 18,1 22,0 Dist.border (Ondangwa)-D3638

3 700

M0092 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Oshakati 22,0 32,7 D3638-D3607 (Oshakati)

3 700

M0092 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Oshakati 32,7 34,5 D3607 (Oshakati)-M0111 (Oshakati)

1 755

M0092 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Oshakati 34,5 34,7 M0111 (Oshakati)-M0120 (Oshakati)

1 755

M0092 was recently rehabilitated and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Oshakati 34,7 36,4 M0120 (Oshakati)-D3609

1 755

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Oshakati 36,4 48,0 D3609- Reg.Border (Omusati)

300

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0111 Oshakati 0,0 18,8 M0092 (Oshakati)-Reg.Border (Omusati)

790

M0111 needs urgent attention as far the missing concrete edges are concerned. The pavement is in danger to be lost at many places. Many road signs and guide stones at structures were stolen or destroyed.
M0120 Oshakati 0,0 6,3 M0092 (Oshakati)-End of Seal (Oshana Okatana)

1 010

The pavement is in reasonable shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.

 

6.2.3    OHANGWENA REGION

 

The summarised recommendations for the paved roads in the Ohangwena Region can be found in table 45:

 

TABLE 45: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: PAVED ROADS: OHANGWENA REGION

 
Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDTIONS

D3608 Eenhana 0,0 3,5 T0111-Engela (End of Seal)

38

The pavement needs urgent attention (many cracks). Concrete edging has to be provided in order to protect the pavement.
M0110 Eenhana 0,0 18,7 T0111 (Omafo)-D3625/D3639

333

The pavement is in good order but concrete edges have to be provided at many places, especially where settlements exist along the road.
M0110 Eenhana 18,7 46,7 D3625/D3639-M0121 (Eenhana)

333

The pavement is in good order but concrete edges have to be provided at many places, especially where
M0110 Eenhana 46,7 71,9 M0121 (Eenhana)-D3602 (Elundu Junction)

220

The pavement is in good order but concrete edges have to be provided at many places, especially where
T0111 Eenhana 182,8 189,4 Reg.Border (Oshana)-D3638 (Ongha)

1 480

Under design to be rehabilitated. Special attention has to be given to concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges.
T0111 Eenhana 189,4 205,8 D3638 (Ongha)-M0110 (Ohangwena)

1 480

Under design to be rehabilitated. Special attention has to be given to concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges.
T0111 Eenhana 205,8 208,8 M0110 (Ohangwena)-M0120

1 440

Under design to be rehabilitated. Special attention has to be given to concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges.
T0111 Eenhana 208,8 211,2 M0120-D3608 (Omafo)

1 450

Under design to be rehabilitated. Special attention has to be given to concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges.
T0111 Eenhana 211,2 215,0 D3608 (Omafo)-Oshikango (Angola Border)

1 480

Under design to be rehabilitated. Special attention has to be given to concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges.

 

6.2.4    OMUSATI REGION

 

The summarised recommendations for the paved roads in the Omusati Region can be found in table 46:

 

TABLE 46: SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS: PAVED ROADS: OMUSATI REGION

 
Road No. District

Start-End Km

Stations

EAADT

SUMMARISED RECOMMENDTIONS

D3611 Outapi

0,0 5,5

M0092 (Oshikuku)-End of Seal

57

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
D3618 Outapi

0,0 4,6

M0067-Ruacana Town (End of Seal)

2 (?)

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
D3621 Outapi 0,0 2,6 M0092-Olifa (end of Seal)

100

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
D3623 Outapi 0,0 1,6 M0092 (between Oshikuku and Outapi)-Road End

60

The pavement needs urgent attention (potholes) and should be resealed as short term priority. Concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges should be provided. The destroyed guard rails must be replaced.
M0092 Outapi

48,0 54,8

Reg.Border (Oshana)-Elim

339

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

54,8 60,8

Elim-Oshikuku

339

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

60,8 64,4

Oshikuku-D3615

339

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

64,4 65,4

D3615-D3611

339

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

65,4 92,5

D3611-D3623

339

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

92,5 122,3

D3623-D3608 (Anamulenge Access)

339

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

122,3 122,7

D3608 (Anamulenge Access)-M0123 (Outapi)

339

Concrete edging was recently completed and a reseal applied. Pavement is in fair shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

122,7 161,9

M0123 (Outapi)-Olupaka-Mahenene-D3616

339

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.

Concrete edging in order to protect the pavement edges should be provided to the Mahenene intersection.

M0092 Outapi

161,9 164,7

D3616-D3627 (Calueque-Mahenene Border Post)

339

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

164,7 183,3

D3627 (Calueque-Mahenene Border Post) –D3621 (Olifa Access)

3 700

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

183,3 186,6

D3621 (Olifa Access)-M0067

80

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

186,6 191,9

M0067-Ruacana Town Access

60

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi

191,9 194,7

Ruacana Town Access -D3618

60

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi 194,7 207,7 D3618-D3628 (Access to Ruacana Falls and Angola Border Post at Ruacana)

40

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0092 Outapi 207,7 208,0 D3628 (Access to Ruacana Falls and Angola Border Post at Ruacana)-End of Seal (Hippo Pool)(Start of D3700)

25

The pavement is in good shape and Routine Maintenance has to be applied.
M0111 Outapi 18,8 23,3 Reg.Border (Oshana)-D3613

790

M0111 needs urgent attention as far the missing concrete edges are concerned. The pavement is in danger to be lost at many places. Many road signs and guide stones at structures were stolen or destroyed.
M0111 Outapi 23,3 38,2 D3613-D3619

790

M0111 needs urgent attention as far the missing concrete edges are concerned. The pavement is in danger to be lost at many places. Many road signs and guide stones at structures were stolen or destroyed.
M0111 Outapi 38,2 69,4 D3619-D3626 (Okahao)

790

M0111 needs urgent attention as far the missing concrete edges are concerned. The pavement is in danger to be lost at many places. Many road signs and guide stones at structures were stolen or destroyed.
M0111 Outapi 69,4 70,2 D3626 (Okahao)-D3635 (Okahao)

790

M0111 needs urgent attention as far the missing concrete edges are concerned. The pavement is in danger to be lost at many places. Many road signs and guide stones at structures were stolen or destroyed.
M0111 Outapi 70,2 70,8 D3635 (Okahao)-M0122 (Okahao)

790

M0111 needs urgent attention as far the missing concrete edges are concerned. The pavement is in danger to be lost at many places. Many road signs and guide stones at structures were stolen or destroyed.
M0111 Outapi 70,8 71,3 M0122 (Okahao)-M0123 (Okahao)

790

M0111 needs urgent attention as far the missing concrete edges are concerned. The pavement is in danger to be lost at many places. Many road signs and guide stones at structures were stolen or destroyed.
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