7 JUDGEMENT OF TRANSNAMIB PLANS FOR LÜDERITZ PORT UPGRADING

7.1 TRAFFIC PROGNOSIS

Presently it seems that TransNamib has no detailed plans for any future developments of the fish throughput and other cargo through the Port of Lüderitz [35]. The above mentioned Pre-Feasibility Study [36] also has no detailed information on this. It is only mentioned that for the landed fish a quay length of 300 m will be required in contrast to the present 260 m jetty length (2 x 130 m). According to information from the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources no increase in the landings of crayfish and crab can be expected in the foreseeable future. In contrast to this landings of white fish could be more than doubled in the medium term. With consideration of the quotas for 1994 this would mean an increase from 34.000 t to 72.000 t of white fish (85.000 t under the rapid growth scenario).

Other cargo throughput requirements will also increase. Cargo for off-shore activities will be required and the Port Lüderitz will be a point of support for the off-shore activities until the end of the century. It has to be seriously considered and it is the opinion of the author of this study that a quay with a water depth of - 8.00 m should be investigated. As a matter of economic priority for the Government of Namibia and the Ministry of Works, Transport and Communication the exports through the Port of Lüderitz have to be increased like the marble from Witspütz and zinc concentrates from Rosh Pinah, agricultural products from Aussenkehr which have to be exported via Lüderitz and in some cases via Walvis Bay and not via South Africa.

7.2 PRESENT AND FUTURE REQUIRED QUAY CAPACITY: LÜDERITZ PORT

In order to calculate the present port throughput of Lüderitz it will be required to analyse comprehensively the present port and handling throughput. Roughly estimated the present throughput capacity could be in the region of approximately 100.000 tpa: 15 t/h x 10 h x 180 days = approx. 27.000 tpa per berth. With 4 berths this will result in 108.000 tpa. For technical reasons the main jetty is presently working under considerable under capacity (estimated 108%). The reasons for this situation is the seasonal periods for crayfish and crab landings and the fact that the jetty also is utilised for non-cargo handling activities like naval equipment related ones, bunkering and repairs.

For the establishment of realistic capacities a comprehensive traffic prognosis is lacking. But, it can be safely assumed that the current port handling capacities are insufficient. In the medium and long term a considerable number of new berths has to be created and the aged equipment has to be upgraded and modernised.

7.3 DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES

TransNamib has envisaged to create new berths in three phases [37]:

- Phase 1: Construction of a quay with a length of 450 m west of the present main jetty with
                 a reclaimed refill area behind the quay

- Phase 2: Extension of the present main jetty with 100 m

- Phase 3: Construction of a new jetty with 220 m length east of the present wooden jetty.

The proposed design water depths are not established as yet. The proposed water depth at the suggested quay (phase 1) should be - 8 m or even better - 11 m. The approach channel has to be appropriately dredged. No detailed cost estimates are possible at this stage.

7.4 JUDGEMENT OF THE PROPOSED DEVELOPMENTS

Phase 1: The selection of the site for the proposed quay is well selected in accordance with the existing wave regime. The throughput via this quay with the adjacent operation areas behind it will considerably reduce the unfavourable turn over activities on the present main jetty. The design water depth of - 8 m or even - 11 m should not cause big technical problems due to the much more favourable subsoil conditions as found in the recent (1994) dredging of Lüderitz port. The realisation of such a quay is highly recommended.

Phase 2: The extension of the existing main jetty would not alleviate the present problems because the congestions on the jetty would increase with additional ship movements on an extended jetty. This project should be sceptically evaluated.

Phase 3: A new jetty east of the wooden jetty is not very favourable in regard to the unfavourable wave conditions in this area of the Lüderitz harbour. The exact utilisation plans are not finalised as yet. Possibly such a jetty will cause similar problems like phase 2. Eventually it could be considered to demolish the unsuitable old wooden jetty and use the new jetty for waiting periods of fishing vessels. This project can only be evaluated after the realisation of the proposed comprehensive Port Development Master Plan for the Port of Lüderitz with special emphasis on the Fishing Port.

POSTSCRIPTUM (August 2001): Due to the efforts of the author of this Memorandum the Federal Republic of Germany (KfW) financed in 1995/96 the Port Development Master Plan for the Port of Lüderitz. In consequence of this Master Plan a new 450 m long modern quay west of the  main jetty was constructed and completed by NamPort in 1999. The new quay was financed by the European Investment Bank in Luxembourg (negotiated by the author of this Memorandum). This resulted in the upgrading of the Port of Lüderitz to an important regional port for the south of Namibia and parts of southern Africa including South Africa (the different Cape provinces and the Oranje Freestate). This will promote economically these areas by the development of new schemes like the Scorpion Mine, one of the biggest zinc mines in the world and the Kudu Gas Field development at Oranjemund. All these development schemes can make use of the upgraded Port of Lüderitz which in the next three years will be connected by an upgraded railway line to the hinterland (Aus to Lüderitz railway line).

Endnotes

[35] Burckardt, Ole and Morisse, Manfred: Hafensektor Namibias mit Schwerpunkt Walvis Bay, Schleswig, 1994

[36] Klein, W.A.; Moorsom, R.J.B.; edited by Dr.-Ing. Klaus Dierks: A Pre-Feasibility Study of Future Port Facilities in Namibia, Windhoek, 30 November 1992 and Dierks, Klaus: Key Points on Namibian North Coast Port: Summary of the Pre-Feasibility Study on Future Port Facilities in Namibia with Special Reference to the Möwe Bay Port, Windhoek, 30 September 1994

[37] Burckardt, Ole and Morisse, Manfred: Hafensektor Namibias mit Schwerpunkt Walvis Bay, Schleswig, 1994

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