6. SOURCES AND RELATED READING

6.1 PRIMARY SOURCES

6.1.1 UNPUBLISHED DOCUMENTARY MATERIAL

6.1.1.1 WINDHOEK STATE ARCHIVES

Quellen zur Geschichte Südwestafrikas
(typescript compiled by Dr. Heinrich Vedder und E. Meier)

Vol. 3a: Berichte von den Missionaren Gorth und Schöneberg
über Walfischbai, Otjimbingwe und Otjikango aus den Jahren 1851-1852

Berichte von Missionar Knudsen über Bethanien und Namaland aus den Jahren 1844-1851

Berichte von Samuel Hahn über Bethanien und Namaland aus den Jahren 1848-1852

Vol. 3b: Berichte von Missionar H. H. Kreft über Bethanien und Namaland ausden Jahren 1848-1852

Vol. 5 : Berichte des Missionars F. H. Vollmer über Rehoboth und Hoachanas aus den Jahren 1847-1866

Vol. 20: Auszüge aus dem Tagebuch von Franz Heinrich Kleinschmidt, 1842-1864

Vol. 25: Tagebücher Hugo Hahns über zwei Reisen nach dem Ovamboland, 1857-1866

Palgrave's Album - Photographs, 1876

6.1.1.2 RHENISH MISSION SOCIETY, WINDHOEK

I 1.1 Protokollbuch der Herero- und Namakonferenzen, 1844 - 1872
enclosed: Hahn to Society, 2 April 1852

6.1.1.3 CAPE ARCHIVES

Records of the London Missionary Society: Journals: Abraham and Christian Albrecht
1805 January 20 to 1810 December 31

Johann Heinrich Schmelen 1812 July 13 to 1828 June

J. Kitchingman: 1820

Letters: Abraham and Christian Albrecht 1806 December 14 to 1809 November 7

Johann Heinrich Schmelen 1818 November 6 to 1825 January 18

"Kaapse N G Kerk Argief" in Cape Town: Diary: Eerw. J. Bailie Dagboek 1845 - 50

6.1.1.4 CORY LIBRARY, GRAHAMSTOWN

Wesleyan Missionary Notes:

Letters: Missionary Tindall to Reverend Shaw, August 1842, Volume 2, 1843

Reverend Ridsdale from Nisbett Bath, December 1846, Volume 5, 1847

6.1.2 OFFICIAL RECORDS

6.1.2.1 GOVERNMENT OF GERMAN-SOUTHWESTAFRICA

Records in the Windhoek State Archive regarding road matters for German South West Africa: 1891-1915: T. 111.: Wegesachen, Wegebauten

Deutsches Schutzgebiet: Südwest-Afrika: Zusammenstellung von gemessenen Wegelängen: Bearbeitet im Bureau der Landesvermessung des Kaiserlichen Gouvernements in Windhoek im Mai 1902

6.1.2.2 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT OF NAMIBIA

Submission to the International Court at the Hague: The Development of Roads and Bridges in the Territory of South West Africa covering the Period 1920 - 1965, SWA Administration: Roads Branch, 1965

6.1.2.3 CAPE ARCHIVES

G 50 - 1877: "Report of W. C. Palgrave Esq., on his mission to Damaraland in 1876"

G.H.23/38: Cape of Good Hope Reports and Correspondence on the State of Affairs in Damaraland and Great Namaland in connection with the mission of Rev. Dr. C. H. Hahn, 1882

6.1.2.4 UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA

Reports by the Mandatory Power to the League of Nations in matters South West Africa: for the years: 1925, 1926, 1927, 1932, 1937, 1946

6.1.2.5 REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

Report of the Commission of Inquiry into South West Affairs 1962/63, Odendaal Plan, Pretoria, 1963

6.1.2.6 UNITED NATIONS

UN Economic Commission for Africa (UN/ECA): United Nations Transport and Communications Decade in Africa, 1978-1988, Transport Sector, Vol. III, DEC/TRANSCOM/CM//IV/4(T), Addis Ababa, 1983

6.1.3 JOURNALS AND PERIODICALS

6.1.3.1 VAN RIEBEECK SOCIETY, CAPE TOWN

Vol. 15: Mossop, E. E. ed.: The Journal of Henrik Jacob Wikar (1779);
The Journals of Jacob Coetzee(1760)and Willem van Reenen (1791), 1935

Vol. 19: Franken, J. L. M. ed.: Duminy Diaries (Pieter Pienaar: 1793), 1938

Vol. 28: Mossop, E. E. ed.: The Journals of Brink and Rhenius, being the: The Journal of Carel Frederik Brink of the Journey into Great Namaqualand, (1761-62), made by Captein Hendrik Hop, 1947

Vol. 35: Tindall, B. A. ed.: The Journal of Joseph Tindall, Missionary in South West Africa (1839-1855), 1954

Vol. 40: Serton, P. ed.: The Narrative and Journal of Gerald Mc Kiernan in South West Africa (1874-1875), 1954

6.1.3.2 DEUTSCHES KOLONIALBLATT

DEUTSCHES KOLONIALBLATT, 1898: Jahresbericht über die Entwicklung der deutschen Schutzgebiete
im Jahre 1896/97, Berlin, 1898

6.1.4 PUBLISHED WORKS

ADVIESKOMITEE VIR VERVOERDIENSTE IN SUIDWES-AFRIKA/NAMIBIA Verslag van die Advieskomite vir Vervoerdienste in Suidwes-Afrika/Namibia, Windhoek, 28 February 1986

ALBERTYN, A. P. J.
Die Ensiklopedie van Name in Suidwes-Afrika, Somerset West, 1984

ALEXANDER, JAMES EDWARD
Expedition of Discovery into the Interior of Africa, 2 vols., London, 1838

ANDERSSON, CHARLES JOHN
Charles John Andersson Papers, Vol. 1: The Matchless Copper Mine in 1857, Windhoek Archives Publication Series No. 7, Windhoek, 1987

ANDERSSON, CHARLES JOHN
Lake Ngami, London, 1856

ANDERSSON, CHARLES JOHN
The Okavango River, London, 1861

BAINES, THOMAS
Explorations in South-West Africa, London, 1864

CHAPMAN, JAMES
Travels in the Interior of South Africa, 1849-1861, 2 vols., London, 1868

DIERKS, KLAUS
||Khauxa!nas - Schans Vlakte: Oldest Urban Settlement in Namibia? A Symbol for Independence, In Formation No. 1, Windhoek, 1987

DIERKS, KLAUS
Growing to Nationhood: ||Khauxa!nas, Windhoek 1992

DIERKS, KLAUS
||Khauxa!nas - The Great Namibian Settlement, 1995

DOVE, KARL
Deutsch-Südwestafrika: Ergebnisse einer wissenschaftlichen Reise im südlichen Damaraland, Berlin, 1896

ESTORFF, LUDWIG VON
Wanderungen und Kämpfe in Südwestafrika, Ostafrika und Südafrika, 1894 - 1910, Windhoek, 1979

HAHN, CARL HUGO
A Missionary in Nama- and Damaraland, 1837-1860, Parts 1-5, Windhoek, 1984, 1985

LE VAILLANT, FRANCOIS
Traveller in South Africa: Vernon S. Forbes: Le Vaillants's Travels in South Africa, 1781-1784, Cape Town, 1973

KINAHAN, J.
The Archaeological Structure of Pastoral Production in the Central Namib Desert, The SA Archaeological Society, Goodwin Series Vol. 5, 1986

MÖLLER, PETER AUGUST
Resa I Afrika, genom Angola, Ovampo och Damaraland, Stockholm, 1899

MORITZ, E.
Die ältesten Reiseberichte über Deutsch-Südwestafrika, in: Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 1915, vols. 28, 29

MORITZ, WALTER
Aus alten Tagen in Südwest: Der Ochsenwagen erzählt, Karibib, 1971

MORITZ, WALTER
Aus alten Tagen in Südwest: Scheppmannsdorf/Rooibank und die älteste Druckerei in Südwestafrika/Namibia, Schwäbisch-Gmünd: Lempp, 1978

NIENABER, G. S. and RAPER, P. E.
Toponymica Hottentotica, 2 volumes: A, 1 volume: B, Pretoria, 1977/1980

PATERSON, WILLIAM
Into the Country of the Hottentots and Caffraria in the Years, 1777, 1778 and 1779, Microfiche Reprint, Pretoria, 1789

REHBOCK, TH.
Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika - Seine wirtschaftliche Erschliessung - unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Nutzbarmachung des Wassers, Berlin, 1898

RIDSDALE, B.
Scenes and Adventures in Great Namaqualand, London, 1883

SCHMELEN, J. H.
Letter to Kitchingman, 28 March 1828, in: B. Le Cordeur and C. Saunders: The Kitchingman Papers, Brenthurst Press, 1976

WILLIAMS, FRIEDA-NELA
Precolonial Communities of Southwestern Africa - A History of Owambo Kingdoms 1600-1920, Windhoek, 1991

6.1.5 HISTORICAL MAPS

ALEXANDER'S MAP
Map to illustrate Capts. Alexander's Route in South Africa, London, 1838

RICHTER'S MAP
Charte des Rheinischen Missionsgebietes in Südafrika, 1845, Great Namaqualand und Kamacha-Daman; Cover page: Hahn, C. H.: Tagebücher 1837 - 1860, Part 2, Windhoek, 1984

ANDERSSON'S MAP
Map of Damara and Great Namaqualand and the Adjacent Countries to and beyond Lake Ngami: Galton and Andersson's Route: 1851 and Andersson's Route: 1853, 1:3.785.000

HAHN'S AND RATH'S MAP
Karte zur Übersicht der Reise von H. Hahn und Rath im Südwestlichen Afrika, Mai - September 1857, 1:3.000.000, Justus Perthes, Gotha, 1859

BAINES, THOMAS, F.R.G.S.
Baines's Explorations in South West Africa, Sheet 1, Map of the Route from Walvisch Bay to Thounce, or Stink Fontain, Drawn from the Joint Observations of J. Chapman and T. Baines, London, 1864

HAHN, THEOPHILUS
Original Map of Great Namaqualand and Damaraland, 1:742.016, 1879 Reprint: Windhoek State Archives

LANGHANS' DEUTSCHER KOLONIAL ATLAS
Südwestafrikanisches Schutzgebiet, 1:2.000.000, 1894

KRIEGSKARTE VON DEUTSCH SÜDWEST-AFRIKA
in 8 sheets, 1:800.000, Paul Sprigade and Max Moisel, Published by "Deutsche Kolonial Abteilung", Berlin, 1904

DE KOCK, G. L.
Ossewaroete netwerk in Duits Suidwes Afrika, 1909, Stellenbosch, 1973

6.1.6 CONTEMPORARY MAPS

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT OF NAMIBIA
Namibia: Road Map, 1:2.000.000, Windhoek, 1991

SURVEYOR GENERAL OF NAMIBIA
South West Africa/Namibia, 1:1.000.000, Windhoek, 1979

VAN DER MERWE, J. H., ed.
National Atlas of South West Africa/Namibia, Institute for Cartographic Analysis, University of Stellenbosch, 1983

6.2 SECONDARY SOURCES

6.2.1 PUBLISHED WORKS

DIERKS, KLAUS
Der verfassungsmässige Aufbau von SWA/Namibia 1884 - 1981 Windhoek, 1981

DIERKS, KLAUS
Eine entwickelte Infrastruktur als Voraussetzung für wirtschaftlichen Fortschritt - aufgezeigt am Beispiel SWA/Namibia, Windhoek, 1981

DIERKS, KLAUS
Pfade, Pads und Autobahnen: Vom Schutzgebiet bis Namibia 1884 - 1984, Windhoek, 1985

DIERKS, KLAUS
Schmalspureisenbahnen erschliessen Afrikas letzte Wildnis: Vom Schutzgebiet bis Namibia 1884 - 1984, Windhoek, 1985

DIERKS, KLAUS
Technical Aspects for Appropriate Low-Volume Roads in Namibia, Ph.-D.-Thesis, Berlin/Windhoek, 1992

DIERKS, KLAUS
The Development of a Roads Model for Independent Namibia, UN Council for Namibia, Seminar on Contingency Planning for Technical Assistance during the Transition to Independence, Vienna, 1989

DRECHSLER, HORST
Südwestafrika unter deutscher Kolonialherrschaft, Berlin, 1984

ESTERHUISE, J. H.
South West Africa, 1880 - 1894: The Establishment of German Authority in South West Africa, Cape Town, 1968

HINZ, O. MANFRED; PATEMANN, HELGARD and MEIER, ARNIM
Weiss auf Schwarz - Kolonialismus, Apartheid und afrikanischer Widerstand, Berlin, 1986

LOOPUYT, M.
The Arteries of S.W.A., Windhoek, Yearbook 1961

MEARS, W. G. A.
Wesleyan Missionaries in Great Namaqualand 1820 - 1867, Cape Town, 1968

MOIR, SYDNEY M. and CRITTENDEN, H. TEMPLE
Namib Narrow Gauge, Benoryn, RSA, 1982

POLLOCK, N. C. et alia
A Historical Geography of South Africa, London, 1963

SIMON, DAVID
Noose or Lifeline? The Role of Transport in Independent Namibia, Institute for Transport Studies, The University of Leeds, 1986

SOUTH WEST AFRICA ADMINISTRATION : ROADS BRANCH
The Path to Progress, issued by Group Editors, 1973

TABLER, EDWARD C.
Pioneers of South West Africa and Ngamiland, Cape Town, 1973

UN INSTITUTE FOR NAMIBIA
Comprehensive Study on Namibia: Namibia - Perspectives on National Reconstruction and Development: Chapter XI: Transport and Communication, Lusaka, 1986

VEDDER, HEINRICH
Das alte Südwestafrika, SWA Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft, Windhoek, 1971

WALLIS, J. P. R.
Fortune my Foe: The Story of Charles John Andersson, African Explorer 1827 - 1867, London, 1936

WELLINGTON, J. H.
South West Africa and its Human Issues, Oxford, 1967

6.2.2 UNPUBLISHED WORKS

BUDACK, K. F. R. H.
Die traditionelle politische Struktur der Khoe-Khoen: Stamm und Stammesregierung auf historischer Grundlage, Ph.D.Thesis, Pretoria, 1972

DE KOCK, G. L.
Die Evolusiegang van Padroetenetwerke in Suidwes-Afrika, M.A.Thesis, University of Stellenbosch, 1973

DIERKS, KLAUS
Comment : Report of the Advisory Council for Transport Services in SWA/Namibia, Windhoek, 1986

DIERKS, KLAUS
Development of the Infrastructure regarding the Roads System in an Independent SWA/Namibia, Windhoek, 1979

DIERKS, KLAUS
The Development of Appropriate Community Schemes for Independent Namibia, Windhoek, 1989

LAU, BRIGITTE
The Emergence of Kommando Politics in Namaland, Southern Namibia, 1800-1870, M.A.Thesis, University of Cape Town, 1982

UNO INSTITUTE FOR NAMIBIA
Comprehensive Study on Namibia: Namibia - Perspectives on National Reconstruction and Development: Draft: Chapter XI: Transport and Communication, Lusaka, June 1985

UYS, FRANCOIS
Die Rol van Vervoer in die Sosio-Ekonomiese Ontwikkeling van Suidwes-Afrika/Namibia: Met Spesiale Verwysing na 'n Vervoerbeleid na Onafhanklikheid, M.Com.Thesis, Randse Afrikaanse Universiteit, Johannesburg, 1980

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