TABLE 1  STATUS OF NATIONAL ROADS: ODENDAAL PLAN

Proposed Road Network: 1963 Status of the Existing Roads: 1979
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1. Kuruman-Gochas-Mariental Main road up to Mariental and then Windhoek arterial
2. Upington-Karasburg-Mariental Arterial road to and from RSA
3. Springbok-Vioolsdrift-Grünau Arterial road to and from RSA
4. Oshikango-Ondangwa-Windhoek Arterial road
5. Ruacana-Kamanjab-Otjiwarongo Main road and arterial road
6. Ombombo Owambo-Katima Mulilo Secondary road except the Oshikuku-Ondangwa main road and
   Ombombo-Tsandi "other road"
7. Kamanjab-Kaokoveld (Opuwa) Main road
8. Otavi-Grootfontein-Rundu Arterial road
9. Link to Tsumkwe Main road
10.Otjiwarongo-Okakarara Arterial and main road
11.Okahandja-Khorixas-Sesfontein Combination of main, secondary and -Orupembe "other road"
12.Keetmanshoop-Berseba Arterial and main road
13.Swakopmund-Cape Cross-Kunene Main road to Henties Bay, then secondary road to Terrace Bay,
then "other road", Kunene not reached
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NOTA: The Commission recommended the immediate paving of roads No. 1-3, and portions of roads No. 4 and 8.

Before independence the planning of road and bridge priorities was done on a five year basis as established by the Department of Transport and approved by the past colonial administration. The determination of priorities of projects in planning, design and construction was not supported by an overall planning according to the socio-economic needs of all the inhabitants of Namibia. It was rather done on a more ad-hoc random basis than on the basis of an effective forward planning with all relevant planning factors.

Besides all the inequalities in the development of roads, the considerable funds which have been invested into the construction of the existing road network before independence were generally not used to improve the socio-economic conditions of the majority of Namibians. A typical example was the higher priority given to main road 68 between Outjo and Okaukuejo in Etosha which serves mainly "white" tourist's interests (completed 1984/85) in disfavour of main road 65 from Outjo to Khorixas which serves mainly "black" interests, completed only mid 1991. Main road 65 has a much higher traffic load than the road to the Etosha game reserve. The creation of labour possibilities and the training of technical and professional experts were dictated by the interests of the different colonial administrations.

This planning environment changes now after the creation of the Ministry of Works, Transport and Communication of independent Namibia.

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