1983


After a split in KAP, the Namibia National Independence Party (NNIP) is formed under the presidency of Rudolf Ngondo to oppose the DTA. The NNIP later forms an alliance with the UDF.
The Thirion Commission investigates the misuse of state funds by the Interim Government.
Hendrik Witbooi becomes Acting Vice-President of SWAPO.
18.01. Dirk Mudge decides to give up his position as Chairman of the Council of Ministers due to his dissatisfaction with AG8 of 1980, with SADF interference and with SA public holidays being applicable in Namibia.
19.01. The National Assembly is summarily and unceremoniously dissolved by South Africa. This leads to the restoration of the dominant position of the Administrator-General, who directly expresses Pretoria’s interests. Willie van Niekerk becomes the new Administrator-General. SA sends former Secretary for SWA Jan F Greebe to Namibia to take up the post of Chief Executive Officer with full executive powers.
25.01. The SWA Society of Advocates requests the Administrator-General to appoint a Judicial Commission to consider the problem of security legislation, the abuse of power by the authorities, the deaths in detention and to protect Namibian citizens against abuse. Subsequently the Administrator-General appoints the Van Dyk Judicial Commission (12.09.1983). The report of the Van Dyk Commission deals not in detail with the many allegations of abuse, especially made by the SWA Society of Advocates against members of the para-military units Koevoet. However, it makes some recommendations for consolidating the security legislation and to make it more consistent with the Rule of Law, but most of the changes are merely cosmetic.
01.03. Hans Berker becomes the new High Court President, succeeding Frans Badenhorst.
April The Subya Chief Moraliswani applies to the Windhoek High Court to recognise him as the supreme leader of all communities in the Eastern Caprivi Strip. All communal land has to come under his control. He further applies that the name "Caprivi" be replaced by Itenge. After the independence of Namibia in 1990, the new government establishes new regions in the whole of Namibia. For the Region of Caprivi the Cabinet decides on the name Liambezi. Maps and plans are already printed, but some tribal complaints result in the retention of the colonial name Caprivi.
Peter Nanyemba, SWAPO’s Secretary for Defence, dies in a car accident in Lubango (allegedly by suicide for his attempted coup against Sam Nujoma: Nujoma was informed by Hishongwa about this). Nujoma takes over the defence portfolio. Richard Kapelwa- Kabajani becomes Deputy Secretary for Defence.
17./20.04. SWAPO’s enlarged Central Committee sits at Cabuta (Kwanza Sul Province, Angola) and drafts an amended party constitution and political programme.
13.05. The new Chief of the Ombalantu area, Elenga (Enene)(Oshivambo traditional title) Oswin Shifiona Mukulu, is sworn in at Outapi.
19.05. In S/15776 the UN Secretary-General summarises developments since 1981 regarding SC Resolutions 435 and 439. He notes that SA co-operation is dependent upon the total withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola.
31.05. In SC Resolution 532 the UN Security Council calls on SA to make firm commitments as to its readiness to comply with SA Resolution 435.
July Administrator General Van Niekerk initiates the setting up of a State Council comprising 50 representatives to be drawn from the internal parties and private sector. The Council would act in an advisory capacity and formulate a new constitution which would be submitted to the electorate in a referendum. But, the State Council is effectively dead and buried two months later when the new Multi-Party Conference (MPC) takes its place in September.
26.08. UN Secretary-General Javier Péres de Cuéllar visits Windhoek. Parties such as the CDA, the HNP and SWANU reject invitations for talks.
29.08. In S/15943 the UN Secretary-General indicates that "prolonged and intensive consultations have resulted, as far as the United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) is concerned, in resolving virtually all outstanding issues". He concludes that SA views the removal of Cuban troops as a precondition for the implementation of Resolution 435.
September Nineteen "internal parties" decide to create a Multi-Party Conference (MPC) to implement SC Resolution 435. Initiator is Moses Katjiuongua.
28.10. In SC Resolution 539 the UN Security Council condemns SA’s obstruction of the implementation of Resolution 435.
12.11. The MPC meets for the first time. SWAPO, the CDA and the Namibia Independence Party (NIP) refuse to participate.
November/ January 1984 In Operation Askari South Africa launches a major military attack on SWAPO bases in Angola. At the conclusion of this campaign South Africa controls the whole of the Kunene Province east of the Kunene River and as far north as Cassinga and Tetchamutete. This considerably enlarges the area of real estate that PLAN soldiers have to negotiate before reaching the Namibian border.
December SA offers to withdraw its troops from southern Angola provided that Angola withholds support to SWAPO.
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