Missionary Christian Baumann moves to Okombahe, where he dies on 14.05.1888.
Friedrich Moritz Stapff discovers copper deposits which lead to the development of the Gorob and Hope Mines at the lower course of the Kuiseb River 150 km southeast of Swakopmund.
Nekwaya Loide Shikongo is born at Oniipa as daughter of the headman Shikongo sha Nangolo.
The Uukwangali Queen Mpandedies in the Kavango. She is succeeded by King Himarua who rules until 1910. Himarua is of Uukwambi descent because he belongs to the family of Nasira, a member of the Uukwangali royal family, who had connections to the Uukwambi royal house through marriage. During the time of his reign King Himarua is one of the main adversaries of German colonial rule in the north of Namibia.
Axel Eriksson sets out from Omaruru and moves to Mossamdes (Namibe) in present-day Angola.

Namibia_Erongo_Okombahe_4.JPG (59409 bytes)

Rhenish Missionary Cemetry of Okombahe: Grave of Christian Baumann: Erongo Region
Copyright of Photos: Dr. Klaus Dierks

08.01. A protection treaty is concluded between Jan Jonker Afrikaner and Germany ( Nels).
08.02. Missionary Hegner mediates in the fight between Moses Witbooi and missionary Rust.
March Germany successfully insists on the Kunene border delimitation.
17.04. Hendrik Witbooi again attacks Maharero at Okahandja, but is defeated. The Ovaherero follow Hendrik to Hoachanas.
A law setting at the legal system for the Protectorate (Schutzgebietsgesetz) "betreffend die Rechtsverhältnisse in den deutschen Schutzgebieten" (Separate Development) is promulgated. The legal system in SWA is henceforth determined by racial differentiation. It creates a "dual" legal system for Germans and indigenes.
June The German Consul General in Cape Town, Bieber, protests against the unilaterally revised Walvis Bay border as surveyed by Phillip Wrey.
October Lüderitz drowns together with Wilhelm Joseph Steingröver in the estuary of the Oranje River while exploring it.
30.12. A treaty is signed between Germany and Portugal regarding the establishment of the Kunene border, i.e. by shifting the northern border from Cape Frio (18° south) to the Kunene River mouth. However, the agreement stipulates that the point where the border leaves the Kunene River is at the "Kunene waterfalls south of Humbe", and a dispute arises over which waterfalls this refers to, with the result that the Kunene-Okavango "cut-line border" is established at 17°17'17" south (German position – Kazambue rapids) or 17°23'10" south (Portuguese position – Ruacana waterfalls). The dispute regarding the 11 km strip in question is not resolved until September 1915 when German South West Africa ceases to exist.
From the point where the border meets the Okavango River, it follows the course of the river  as far as Andara. From there it follows a straight line to the rapids of Katima Mulilo on the Zambezi River. Andara is at this time Thipanana Island, where Mbukushu King Dimbu I (also called Ndara or Libebe)(1850-1900) lives. Dimbu is the successor of King Diyeve I (before 1850). Diyeve’s predecessors cannot be dated and are in descending order: Queen Rukonga; Mbungu; Mashambo; Kasimana; Sihurera; Dinyando and Sinyungu.
Some border problems arise with the Portuguese who confuse Thipanana Island with Tanhwe Island where Dimbu’s successor, King Diyeve II (as from 1895), lives.

Namibia_Kavango_Andara_3.jpg (118813 bytes)Namibia_Kavango_Andara_4.jpg (125223 bytes)

View from the Roman Catholic Mission Station at Andara to Tanhwe Island, Caprivi Region, December 2002
Copyright of Photos: Dr. Klaus Dierks

WB00823_.GIF (134 bytes)

[Return to Table of Contents]

forward.GIF (132 bytes)