|1925||The population in the Rehoboth Gebied
numbers 3 500 Basters, 2 500 "blacks" and 30 "whites". The Rehoboth Gebied
allows squatting and is a sanctuary to "black" stock owners. This combination
together with the independence dreams of the Basters causes the "Rehoboth Rebellion
The Rehoboth Basters resist attempts to do away with their rights to autonomy in terms of Proclamation No.31 of 1924.
The Native Labour Proclamation, No. 6 of 1925, provides for specific powers for the SWA Administrator regarding "black" labour.
The mining prospector H Heiberg of the OMEG studies the copper deposits of the Gorob and the Hope Mine. No further developments take place.
Vanadium ore is mined at the Berg Aukas Mine.
Mineral exports represent 80% and agricultural exports represent 15% of the total exports.
The first creamery in SWA is established at Omaruru.
||Planes threaten to attack
Rehoboth. There is no bloodshed and a complete surrender follows. Martial law is declared,
and 632 people including Basters (289), Ovaherero (218), Nama (75) and Dama (50) are
detained. Johannes and Samuel Beukes land up with 42 other Basters before a South African
firing squad but are saved when the League of Nations intervenes literally at the last
After the suppression of the rebellion, the SWA Administration begins to move the Ovaherero out of the Gebied. The Ovaherero leader, Festus Kandjou, later complains that "they have been forced to leave their cattle behind".
The influence of Garveyism is rapidly fading.
|01.06.||Hosea Kutako is elected the senior leader of all Ovaherero and Chief of the Council of Headmen. He retains this position until his death in 1970.|
|05.08.||The territory obtains a Constitution with restricted autonomy. The South West Africa Constitution Act, No. 42 of 1925, gives legislative powers of legislation to an "all-white" Assembly. The Administrator, who is represented on the Executive Committee and the Advisory Council, wields much power in the interests of Pretoria.|
|27.08.||The Omaruru Political Society (later the Economic Party) is formed by S Proctor. Further interest groups are formed in Otjiwarongo, Karibib and Okahandja.|
|27.09.||The Finnish mission ordains the first seven "black" pastors in Ovamboland. Before 1925 Namibia had not a single "black" pastor.|
|September||Vita Tom receives the visit of
Deneys Reitz in Otjiyandjasemo.
There is some political stirring in the Kaokoveld because some Ovaherero move from Outjo northwards. The headmen of this group are Langman Tjihahura, Jonas Tjivikwa, Hiaukambe Turitijo and Johannes Muzuma. The group settles at Okawao, Otjohaka, Omawatinda, Onaiso, Otjikuvare and Otjomumborombonga. The fluid situation is furthermore intensified by an internal power struggle between Ovatjimba Chief Kahewa-Nawa and his nephew Weripaka. This results in Kahewa-Nawas followers seeking support from Chief Tom Vita.
|27.09.||The Finnish mission ordains the first seven "black" pastors in Ovamboland. Before 1925 Namibia does not have a single "black" pastor.|
|09.12.||The Administrator for SWA, Hofmeyr, visits the Kaokoveld.|
|December||In order to address the chronic shortage of labour in SWA, the Conference of Windhoek creates two recruiting organisations: the Southern Labour Organisation (SLO) for migrant labourers from the Ovamboland for the diamond mines and the Northern Labour Organisation (NLO) for migrant labourers from the Kavango for the northern mines and for "white" farms. The Witwatersrand Native Labour Association (WNLA) negotiates with the NLO which sometimes has more recruits than are needed on the Namibian mines. However, such attempts are contested by the local farming community in Namibia which also seeks workers from what is seen as a pool of "surplus labour".|