|1962||The Uniao das Populacoes de
Angola joins the Angolan National Liberation Front (FNLA).
In a remarkable policy shift, SWAPO decides that political and military liberation actions are not conflicting, but rather, complementary.
David Hoveka Meroro joins SWAPO.
The Coloured Council, which is created on the foundations of the Native Advisory Board and the Coloured Advisory Council of the Old Location, is established. Andrew Kloppers serves as its chairman for twelve years.
The Namib research station at Gobabeb is built.
A new smelter complex becomes operational at the TCL mine at Tsumeb. Until its closure in 1998, the TCL produces 27 million t of ore and 5 million t of metal comprising 1,9 million t of copper, 3 million t of lead and 1 million t of zinc.
The Kombat mines goes into production.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church of SWA (ELC) holds its second synod at Khoichas near Mariental. Some new church leaders are elected: Hans Karl Diehl remains the church leader, Hendrik Isaak (Maltahöhe) is replaced by Salomon Boois from Gibeon, Eljakim Hoebeb is substituted by Paulus Gowaseb from Okahandja and Jakobus Beukes replaces Daniel Strydom from Rehoboth.
|10.05.||In agreement with UNGA Resolution 1702 (XVI), the Chairman of the UN Special Committee for SWA, Victorio Carpio of the Philippines, visits the territory together with UN diplomat Salvador Martinez de Alva of Mexico. In a controversial communique they find no evidence of genocide or militarisation in the territory, and that SAs administration of the territory presents no threat to international peace and security.|
|May/June||SWAPO and SWANU delegates attend
the "Freedom Fighters Conference" at Winneba/Ghana which aims "to unify
all pro-liberation forces" in Namibia.
Consequently Sam Nujoma decides to mobilise military resistance against South Africa. He sends Lucas Hifikepunye Pohamba and Eliader Muatale to SWA in order to prepare for this task. After many difficulties they reach Windhoek where they are received by Aaron Hamutenya. Later (1964) Pohamba and Simon "Mzee" Kaukungua mobilise the masses in the north. In consequence Kaukungua has to go into exile, Pohamba returns to Lusaka in September 1964 while Muatale returns to Dar-Es-Salaam in 1963.
|July||Victorio Carpio and lvador Martinez
de Alva report to the Special Committee, without mentioning the controversial communique,
that the administration of the territory is strongly influenced by SAs apartheid
policy and that it is the overwhelming desire of the "black" population that the
UN should take over the administration of the territory. The so-called "Carpio
Affair" discredits and embarrasses not only the Special Committee, but also the
petitioners on SWA and the UN as a political organisation.
Hage Geingob insists on seeing Carpio in Tsumeb and is thereafter harassed by the SA security police.
Kozonguizi and Kerina meet in New York. They discuss preliminarily the formation of a new party to unify SWAPO and SWANU. The proposed name of the party is National Independence Peoples Party (NIPP). Kerina publishes these plans without consultation. Kozonguizi denies any agreements. SWAPO reacts with anger and expels Kerina.
|11.09.||SA Prime Minister H Verwoerd appoints the Odendaal Commission of Inquiry "to investigate social, economic, and political conditions in South West Africa". The Chairman of the Commission is Frans Hendrik Odendaal, Administrator of the Transvaal|
|17.09.||The Odendaal Commission begins its works on "SWA affairs".|
|December||The UN dissolves its Special
Committee for SWA and transfers the "SWA affair" to the more militant "UN
Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on
the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples", established in terms
of UNGA Resolution 1805. The latter Special Committee bans all sales of arms and petroleum
products to SA.
The National Union of SWA Workers (NU of SWAW) is established by Paul Helmuth at Dar-Es-Salaam in Tanzania, following a decision taken by SWAPO to train trade unionists for a future labour movement in Namibia. The NU of SWAW is re-named into the National Union of Namibian Workers (NUNW) during the Tanga Congress of December 1969.
|21.12.||The case brought by Liberia and Ethiopia to the ICJ is lost by SA in the first instance because SA doubts the standing of the ICJ. The ICJ decides that it has jurisdiction in the matter.|
|24.12.||Hage Geingob flees the territory and joins Maxton Joseph Mutongulume and Peter Nanyemba in Francistown in Botswana.|